Related Sites

A Documentary History of Hampshire College, 1975-1985 Chapter 6 Divestment
Joel Saxe, Hampshire College
Documents related to the Hampshire College Committee for the Liberation of Southern Africa (HCCLSA) and the struggle for divestment from companies doing business in South Africa. United States

A Man of Conscience: A Conversation with Bishop Desmond Tutu
Detroit Public Television
This live episode of the “Detroit Black Journal” features an interview with Bishop Desmond Tutu during a trip to the United States. Charlayne Hunter-Gault is the guest host for this show, which aired on January 15, 1986. In response to questions from Hunter-Gualt, the studio audience, and questioners on the phone, Tutu discusses the Reagan administration policy toward South Africa, the issue of economic sanctions, and the differences and similarities between the struggle in South Africa and the U.S. civil rights struggle. (The video is 1 hour and 4 minutes.) United States

African Media Program
Michigan State University
The African Media Program (AMP) offers an online, comprehensive database of films, videos, and other audio-visual materials concerning Africa as well as education services about African media. AMP is a project of the African Studies Center at Michigan State University in East Lansing, Michigan. The AMP began in 1978 with four years of work to develop a print compendium, Africa on Film and Videotape, 1982. The compendium lists several thousand productions and provides reviews of more than 700 films and videos, reviewed systematically by African graduate students and American specialists on each country. In 2002 the African Media Program offers an on-line comprehensive reference guide to approximately 10,000 films, videos, and other audiovisual materials concerning Africa (both Sub-Saharan and North Africa). It includes film and video productions made in Africa and around the world. This new database incorporates and updates material contained in the 1982 print compendium, adds many new reviews, and provides as complete a citation as possible from a wide variety of sources. United States

African National Congress Oral History Transcripts Collection
University of Connecticut
The University of Connecticut (UConn) and the African National Congress (ANC) formed a partnership in 1999 to archive and share with scholars materials from the ANC's struggle for human rights in South Africa, chronicle the struggle through an oral history, and link UConn and the University of Fort Hare on the Eastern Cape of South Africa to focus on comparative human rights. Over six years, 133 oral history interviews were conducted in South Africa. The original transcripts and cassette tapes are housed at the University of Fort Hare. Copies of transcripts are available at the Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut. South Africa

African-American Historical Linkages with South Africa, ca. 1890-1975
Bob Edgar, David Anthony
This documentary editing project is chronicaling relationships between African-Americans and Africans in South Africa, both of which experienced white dmoniation and segregation. A two-volume publication is being developed. The website contains a short history and selected photographs. The project is sponsored by the Howard University Department of African Studies and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences as well as the National Historical Publications and Records Commission. United States

Airlift to America
This website is related to the book Airlift to America: How Barack Obama. Sr., John F. Kennedy, Tom Mboya, and 800 East African Students Changed Their World and Ours by Tom Shachtman. The book and website tell the saga of how a handful of Americans and Kenyans fought the British colonial government, the U.S. State Department, and segregation to "airlift" to U.S. universities, between 1959 and 1963, nearly 800 young East African men and women who would go on to change the world. United States

Alan Paton Centre and Struggle Archives
Alan Paton Centre and Struggle Archives
Alan Stuart Paton (1903-1988), famed author of Cry, the Beloved Country (1948), was also a founding member of the Liberal Party of South Africa (1953). Paton continued to write novels and poetry throughout his life, but he also wrote extensively on matters of a political nature. The Alan Paton Centre and Struggle Archives holds not only Alan Paton’s literary works and related documents and manuscripts, but also papers pertaining to the Liberal Party and other institutions and organizations who contributed to the struggle against Apartheid in South Africa. South Africa

Amistad Research Center
Amistad Research Center
The Amistad Research Center at Tulane University in New Orleans has a number of collections including the archives of the American Committee on Africa and its associate organization The Africa Fund. United States

African National Congress
The website consists of material from archives of the African National Congress (ANC) including photographs, posters, audio and video of the struggle against apartheid. The website includes material related to the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), the United Democratic Front (UDF), the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom College (SOMAFCO) in Tanzania, and Black Sash. People represented on the website include Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Govan Mbeki, Oliver Tambo, Jay Naidoo, Pallo Jordan, Jacob Zuma, Alfred Nzo, Mendi Msimang, and Joe Modise. Photographs on the website include demonstrations in South Africa and London, and rallies and meetings in South Africa. South Africa

Anti-Apartheid and Southern Africa Solidarity Movements in the Netherlands, 1948-1994
Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa, International Institute of Social History
In 2003-2004, the Netherlands institute for Southern Africa (NiZA) commissioned the writing of a web dossier on the history of the Southern Africa solidarity movement from which it sprang. NiZA was formed in 1997 from the merger of the former Dutch Anti-Apartheid Movement (Anti-Apartheids Beweging Nederland, AABN), the Eduardo Mondlane Foundation (EMS) and the Holland Committee on Southern Africa (Komitee Zuidelijk Afrika, KZA). This dossier was written in 2004 (Dutch version only) and revised in 2009 by Richard Hengeveld, Amsterdam and is in the website of the International Institute of Social History. It is available in English and Dutch. Netherlands

Apartheid Museum
Apartheid Museum
Located in Johannesburg, South Africa, the Apartheid Museum is the story of the triumph of the human spirit over adversity. The Apartheid Museum illustrates the rise and fall of apartheid: The exhibits are from film footages, photographs, text panels and artifacts illustrating the events and human stories that are part of the epic saga, known as apartheid. A series of 22 individual exhibition areas takes the visitor through a dramatic emotional journey that tells a story of a state sanctioned system based solely on racial discrimination. The website includes an online educational resource "Understanding Apartheid." South Africa

Avoice: Anti-Apartheid Exhibit
Congressional Black Caucus Foundation
The Avoice (African American Voices in Congress) website, developed by the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation with the University of Texas Libraries, is designed to capture and preserve the rich history of political and legislative contributions of black Americans. An Anti-Apartheid Exhibit focuses on the role the Congressional Black Caucus played in the anti-apartheid movement. The Exhibit includes galleries of photographs and more than 400 documents. All or most of these documents appear to be from the “Records of the House Sub-Committee on Africa in the Charles Diggs Papers” at the Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University. United States

Barack Obama
Barack Obama message at the launch of the Dear Mr Mandela..,.Dear Mrs Parks: Children's Letters, Global Lessons exhibition at the Nelson Mandela Museum in Qunu. The exhibition was designed by Oryx Multimedia, Cape Town. United States

Basler Afrika Bibliographien / Namibia Resource Centre - Southern Africa Library
Basler Afrika Bibliographien
The Basler Afrika Bibliographien (BAB) in Basel, Switzerland comprises a specialist library and archives on southern Africa. It also includes a publishing house and an Africa antiquarian bookshop. The BAB was founded in 1971 by Carl Schlettwein with the goal of offering access to bibliographic information on Africa in general, with a particular focus on Namibia. The establishment of a Namibia library and numerous special collections was accompanied by a broad range of publishing activities. Since 1995, the BAB has also been known as the 'Namibia Resource Centre – Southern Africa Library'. The archives also include collections from the Swiss anti-apartheid and solidarity movements. Among these are, for example, the archive of the organisation "Medic' Angola/Kämpfendes Afrika" (Inventory AA.5), dossiers of the Swiss anti-apartheid movement (AAB) and of the "Nachrichtenstelle Südliches Afrika" (NaSA). Another collection in these archives relates to the liberation organisation "SWAPO of Namibia" (Inventory AA.3). The SWAPO archive mainly comprises material published by the organisation in exile from the late 1960s onwards, e.g. numerous magazine articles, press releases, circulars, flyers and posters. The collection continues to gather material related to today's governing party "SWAPO of Namibia". All material must be used at the centre. Switzerland

Canada and the Fight Against Apartheid
Canadian Broadcast Corporation
This site of the Canadian Broadcast Corporation contains a series of radio and television reports on South Africa broadcast from the 1960s through the first democratic elections in 1994. It also includes a report on the first ten years of democracy and a curriculum link for teachers. Canada

Canada, Scandinavia and Southern Africa
Nordic Africa Institute
Link to PDF of the a book edited by Douglas Anglin, Timothy Shaw and Carl Widstrand published by the Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, Uppsala, 1978. Sweden

Celebrating Jennifer Davis
Jennifer Davis, stalwart champion of majority rule in South Africa and leader in the anti-apartheid movement in the United States, died on October 15, 2019 in Montclair, NJ, surrounded by her family. She was 85. Her love, curiosity, honesty, and insistent focus on building movements to fight for social justice influenced and inspired countless activists and organizers.
Celebrating the Role of the International Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa's Freedom Struggle
University of Kwazulu-Natal
As part of the national celebrations to mark the decade of freedom, the Documentation Centre and the Campbell Collections of the University of KwaZulu-Natal jointly hosted a conference A Decade of Democracy: Celebrating the Role of the International Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa's Freedom Struggle in Durban from October 10-13, 2004. The conference brought together activists who have been involved in the anti-apartheid struggle from countries such as the UK, USA, India, Australia, Japan, Germany, France, New Zealand, the Nordic countries and the African continent to South Africa. Invitees to the conference included members of the international anti-apartheid movement, stalwarts of South Africa's liberation struggle, members of the South African government, representatives of foreign governments and academics. The website includes many of the papers presented by participants. South Africa

Centre for Popular Memory
University of Cape Town
Centre for Popular Memory online archive. The Centre was based at the Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town in South Africa. It focused its activities both on and off campus and is committed to using oral history, visual history and digital archiving to contribute to social development and democratization. South Africa

Cooperative Africana Materials Project
Center for Research Libraries
The Cooperative Africana Microform Project (CAMP), founded in 1963, is a joint effort by research libraries throughout the world and the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) to promote the preservation of publications and archives concerning the nearly fifty nations of Sub-Saharan Africa and to make these materials in microform available to researchers. In 2011 the name was changed to Cooperative Africana Materials Project. See About CAMP. United States

DC Student Coalition against Apartheid and Racism
Youth Leadership Support Network
The Youth Leadership Support Network website page on the DC Student Coalition against Apartheid and Racism (DC SCAR). DC SCAR had chapters at area colleges, universities and high schools between 1983 and 1998. The website has photos, an article DC SCAR Foundations & South Africa: A Brief Sketch of Solidarity & Struggles by Doug Calvin and other material on the student movement. United States

Digital Innovation South Africa
Digital Innovation South Africa
Digital Innovation South Africa (DISA) is a freely accessible online scholarly resource focusing on the socio-political history of South Africa, particularly the struggle for freedom during the period from 1950 to the first democratic elections in 1994, providing a wealth of material on this fascinating period of the country's history. DISA has digitized and placing on the web South African anti-apartheid publications from 1950-1994 representing a wide spectrum of political views published during these years, but also a diversity of subjects such as trade unions, religion, health, culture, and gender. South Africa

Digitising the ANC Archives
David Larsen, Africa Media Online
This video tells the story of the digitisation of the archives of the African National Congress. This was a talk given by David Larsen at the International Liberation Archives Conference held at the ICC in East London, South Africa from October 31 to November 2, 2012. The theme of the conference was "Archives Deepening Democracy." South Africa

District Six Museum
District Six Museum, Webfactory
The Group Areas act forcibly relocated millions of South Africans from their homes. District Six is the most famous example of this forced relocation policy under the Apartheid government. District Six in Cape Town, South Africa, was named the Sixth Municipal District of Cape Town in 1867. Originally established as a mixed community of freed slaves, merchants, artisans, laborers and immigrants, District Six was a vibrant centre with close links to the city and the port. In 1966, it was declared a white area under the Group Areas Act of 1950, and by 1982, the life of the community was over. 60 000 people were forcibly removed to barren outlying areas aptly known as the Cape Flats, and their houses in District Six were flattened by bulldozers. The District Six Museum, established in December 1994, works with the memories of these experiences and with the history of forced removals more generally. The museum and website serves as a place of remembrance to all who lost so much during those years of state oppression. South Africa

Divestment for Humanity: The Anti-Apartheid Movement at the University of Michigan
University of Michigan
Michigan in the World features exhibitions of research conducted by undergraduate students about the history of the University of Michigan and its relationships beyond its borders. United States

Forward to Freedom: The History of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement 1959-1994
AAM Archives Committee
Forward to Freedom tells the story of the British Anti-Apartheid Movement and its campaigns to support the people of South Africa in their fight against apartheid. It also campaigned for freedom for Namibia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Angola, and against South Africa's attacks on its neighbors. On this website you can find out how hundreds of thousands of people all over Britain got involved in anti-apartheid campaigns. You can read documents, watch demonstrations and concerts, and hear from some of those involved. United Kingdom

Freedom Park
Freedom Park Trust
Freedom Park, with its Garden of Remembrance, is located on a 52-hectare site on Salvokop hill opposite Voortrekker Monument – to juxtapose the past with the processes of moving forward. The project is narrating the story of South Africa’s pre-colonial, colonial, apartheid and post-apartheid history. The Freedom Park is a National Legacy Project legislated by the National Heritage Resources Act No. 25 of 1999 to … “provide a pioneering and empowering heritage destination that challenges visitors to reflect upon our past, improve our present and build on our future as a unified nation.” The chief executive officer is poet Dr Mongane Wally Serote. South Africa

Gandhi-Luthuli Documentation Centre at the University of KwaZulu-Natal
University of KwaZulu-Natal
Located at the University of KwaZulu-Natal (Westville campus) in South Africa, the archives have a very large Indian collection. Its extended scope includes a repository on KwaZulu-Natal regional history, the history of resistance to apartheid in the province including the records of individuals, families, organizations and institutions. The Centre actively records and documents, student, faculty and alumni material which is of particular interest to the academic community. A faithful record of contemporary events and the many facets such as health, welfare, education, housing etc. which are embodied in the Reconstruction and Development Program is documented as well. South Africa

Gideon's Gang Marches Again: The Gulf Boycott
University of Virginia Library, Jr. Charles F. Longino, Jeffrey K. Hadden
In 1970, the Ohio Conference of the United Church of Christ passed a resolution calling for the boycott of Gulf Oil Corporation because of its exploitation of oil in Angola, then a colony of Portugal. In 1971, the Congregation for Reconciliation in Dayton, Ohio formed the Gulf Boycott Coalition. A history of the Gulf Boycott Coalition is recounted in Chapter 6 of Gideon's Gang: A Case Study Of The Church In Social Action by Jeffrey K. Hadden and Charles F. Longino, Jr. (United Church Press, 1974). United States

Global Nonviolent Action Database
Swarthmore College
Includes descriptions of campaigns on colleges and universities for divestment from companies doing business in apartheid South Africa, sweatshops and other issues. The website provides free access to information about hundreds of cases of nonviolent action for learning and for citizen action of campaigns that have reached a point of completion. The cases are drawn from all continents and most countries. The website is a project of Swarthmore College, including Peace and Conflict Studies, the Peace Collection, and the Lang Center for Civic and Social Responsibility. United States

Have You Heard from Johannesburg?
Inc. Clarity Educational Productions
This seven-part documentary stories, produced and directed by Connie Field, chronicles “the history of the global anti-apartheid movement that took on South Africa’s entrenched apartheid regime and its international supporters who considered South Africa an ally in the Cold War.” United States

Highlights of Nelson Mandela's Visit to the United States
Detroit Public Television
This special episode of the "Detroit Black Journal" is a 53-minute video report of Nelson Mandela's trip to the United States in June 1990. There is a special focus on Mandela’s trip to Detroit, including Nelson Mandela and Winnie Mandela being greeted by leaders of the International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers of America (UAW). There is also footage from Mandela’s visit to New York and Boston. The show is hosted by Trudy Gallant. She interviews organizers of Mandela’s trip to Detroit, including Margaret Baylor, president of the Detroit chapter of TransAfrica, and Paul Hubbard, former president of New Detroit Inc. Gallant also talks with two prominent Detroit journalists: Susan Watson, a columnist with the Detroit Free Press, and Emery King, an anchor for WDIV-TV, who reported on Mandela’s tour. This discussion intersperses their reflections with video clips of Mandela's appearances. United States

In Memoriam: Activist Poet Dennis Brutus
This National Public Radion (NPR) report on the death of Dennis Brutus includes a 13-minute interview with Brutus originally broadcast on April 22, 1986. United States

Oberlin College
This article in the Oberlin College's Alumni News & Notes by Albert J. McQueen is about Eduardo Mondlane. In the fall of 1951, Mondlane, a 32-year old native of Mozambique, enrolled in Oberlin College as a junior. In 1961 he was elected president of the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO). United States

Inkworks Press Poster Archive
Lincoln Cushing, Docs Populi
Inkworks Press is a worker-owned offset printshop dedicated to providing affordable, quality printing to community and non-profit organizations. This website includes many of the posters produced by Inkworks Press including many related to supporting African struggles against colonialism and apartheid. This website is part of the Docs Populi - documents for the public website. United States

International Institute of Social History (Amsterdam) - Collections on African Labour and Social History
International Institute of Social History
The Institute for Social History in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, includes the archives of international trade union secretariats and international human rights organizations. The Institute houses collections of material on solidarity organizations including, Angola Comité, (1962 – 1979), Defense and Aid Fund Nederland (1957 – 1991), Komitee Zuidelijk Afrika/Holland Committee on Southern Africa (1872 – 1986) and Werkgroep Kairos (Utrecht) (1971 – 1993). There is a PDF file listing collections created in 2005. Since that time other collections have been added including the Martin Bailey papers. The collection also includes photos, posters, sound recordings and videos. An extensive online Guide to Africa Collections is available. Netherlands

JSTOR Struggles for Freedom in Southern Africa Collection
Ithaka Harbors Inc.
The liberation of Southern Africa and the dismantling of the Apartheid regime was one of the major political developments of the 20th century, with far-reaching consequences for people throughout Africa and around the globe. Struggles for Freedom: Southern Africa focuses on the complex and varied liberation struggles in the region, with an emphasis on Botswana, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. The resource consists of 76 different collections of more than 20,000 objects and 190,000 pages of documents and images, including periodicals, nationalist publications, records of colonial government commissions, local newspaper reports, personal papers, correspondence, UN documents, out-of-print and other particularly relevant books, pamphlets, speeches, and interviews with those who participated in the struggles. JSTOR is a pay website. The website says "JSTOR offers tiered fees and flexible purchasing options for libraries and organizations. We adjust our fees based on your institution's size, type, and country. Participants include small institutions, large universities, secondary schools, and every type in between." United States

Liberator Magazines
Liberator was a monthly magazine published from 1961 to 1971. The masthead declared it to be “The voice of the Afro-American protest movement in the United States and the liberation movement of Africa”. From March 1961 to October 1965 Lowell P. Beveridge, Jr. was editor of Liberator. These issues are available on this website. In later issues the name Liberation Committee for Africa no longer appears in the magazine. (Source: Website accessed March 9, 2020) United States

Michigan State University - African Studies Center
Michigan State University
The African Studies Center at Michigan State University (MSU) is the sponsor of the African Activist Archive Project. The Center's web site has links to other projects including the Africa media program and the Africa e-Journal Project. United States

Michigan State University Library - Africana (African Studies)
Michigan State University Library
The Africana Collection of the Michigan State University (MSU) Library is one of the largest in the United States, having been built up since 1960 to support broad faculty involvement in research and development projects on the continent. The Library's commitment to this world area is reflected in the employment of two full-time professional Africana librarians, both of them holding doctorates in African Studies, who provide reference assistance to a wide range of faculty and students at MSU and elsewhere and who are very involved in national cooperative projects. The Library collection of roughly 200,000 books, pamphlets, maps and microform units covers all areas and disciplines. The MSU Libraries Special Collections holds mupltiple African Activist Archive collections donated by people involved in solidarity activities with African freedom struggles, including the anti-apartheid movement. United States

Mozambique History Net
Colin Darch
Mozambique History Net (MHN) was established in April 2008 by Colin Darch who is a documentalist and historian of Mozambique. He worked at the Centro de Estudos Africanos at the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane from 1979 to 1987, and is now resident in Cape Town, South Africa. MHN welcomes constructive criticism and suggestions, and actively seeks professional collaboration. South Africa

Nelson Mandela Foundation
Nelson Mandela Foundation
The Nelson Mandela Foundation leads the development of a living legacy that captures the vision and values of Nelson Mandela's life and work. Through the creation of strategic networks and partnerships, the Nelson Mandela Foundation directs resources, knowledge and practice to add value and demonstrate new possibilities. The Nelson Mandela Foundation embodies the spirit of reconciliation, ubuntu, and social justice. Our work is a celebration of Mandela's life. The Foundation's Memory Programme resources documenting the life and times of Nelson Mandela are to be found in an extraordinary range of locations, both within South Africa and internationally. These resources are embedded in various legal and other jurisdictions. The Memory Programme provides a unique facility which allows people access to this history. South Africa

Nelson Mandela Museum
Nelson Mandela Museum
After his release from Robben Island, Nelson Mandela, as the first democratically elected President of South Africa, received a significant number of gifts from the South African and international community in recognition and appreciation of the role he played in the struggle for peace, freedom and democracy in South Africa and the world. In accepting the gifts he indicated that he did so on behalf of all people of South Africa and further expressed the wish that the gifts be displayed for the benefit and appreciation of the nation, at or near his home village, Qunu, in the Eastern Cape. It is for this reason that the museum comprises the impressive Bhunga building in Mthatha, the Qunu component and the open-air museum at Mvezo. (Source: Nelson Mandela Museum website) South Africa

Nelson Mandela, Madiba
Zinn Education Project
Page on Nelson Mandela and the struggle against apartheid including in the United States. The page is part of the Zinn Education Project's TEACHING A PEOPLE'S HISTORY website. The Zinn Education Project promotes and supports the teaching of people's history in middle and high school classrooms across the country. Based on the lens of history highlighted in Howard Zinn's best-selling book A People's History of the United States. United States

Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NiZA) - Library, Information and Documentation Centre
Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa
The Netherlands Institute for Southern Africa (NiZA) Library, Information and Documentation Centre (BIDOC) has an extensive collection on various issues in the southern African region. The collection centres on South Africa, and, to a lesser extent, Angola, Mozambique, Namibia and Zimbabwe. The special quality of the collection stems from the fact that it originated from the documentation departments of a number of anti-apartheid and solidarity movements which merged into NiZA: Anti-Apartheid Movement Netherlands (AABN) 1961-1994 (including the former Comité Zuid-Afrika), Institute for Southern Africa (IZA) 1994-1996, Holland Committee on Southern Africa (KZA) 1960-1996 (including the former Angola Committee), and Eduardo Mondlane Foundation (EMS) 1974-1996. In addition, the collection contains also the archives of the Dutch support group for the South African Radio Freedom, the Omroep voor Radio Freedom. Parts of the archives of other organizations and private individuals are also stored at NiZA-BIDOC. Among them, a part of the document collection of the (Holland) Shipping Research Bureau. Netherlands

No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century, 1950-2000
William Minter, Solidarity Research and Writing LLC
This is the website for the book No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century, 1950-2000 edited by William Minter, Gail Hovey and Charles Cobb Jr. (Africa World Press, 2008). All chapters of the book can now be downloaded as PDFs or the book can be ordered on Kindle or as a Google e-book. Transcripts of interviews with 16 U.S. activists also are available on the site. The book includes a Forward by Nelson Mandela. This website also includes Southern Africa Liberation History - Guide to Sources of Liberation Posters United States

Nordic Africa Institute (Nordiska Afrikainstitutet)
Nordic Africa Institute
The Nordic Africa Institute (Nordiska Afrikainstitutet) in Uppsala was founded in 1962. It serves as a research, documentation and information center on modern Africa for the Nordic countries. The Institute also encourages research and studies on Africa in the Nordic countries and co-operation between African and Nordic researchers as well as disseminates information about current African issues. It is financed jointly by the Nordic countries and governed by a Program and Research Council. Sweden

Nordic Documentation on the Liberation Struggle in Southern Africa
Nordic Africa Institute
The Nordic Africa Institute in Uppsala, Sweden, has for a number of years played a role in documenting the Nordic involvement in the National Liberation Struggle in Southern Africa. In 2003 the Nordic Africa Institute initiated a project of identifying archives in the Nordic countries that cover documentation on anti-apartheid resistance and the liberation struggle in Southern Africa, mainly South Africa and Namibia, during the years 1960-1990. At this time there were a large number of organizations in the Nordic countries that took part, e.g. government bodies, youth and church organizations, political parties and solidarity groups. A vast bilateral cooperation emerged and many well documented conferences and meetings were held in the Nordic countries and in Africa during these years. Several visits to refugee camps in Africa and encounters with different leaders are also documented on videos, tapes and in pictures. Organizations in Finland, Norway, Denmark and Sweden have localized, cataloged and organized archives. The material has been indexed in English and is now available in a database that has been created to make the material known and easily accessible for researchers, students and others who are interested in this part of world history. This website includes information on the archives of over 30 organizations. Sweden

Northwestern University, Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies - Poster Collection
Northwestern University Library
The Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies at Northwestern University maintains a comprehensive collection of posters published in Africa and elsewhere. Thee posters represent a variety of social, political, and cultural issues, including public health, education, liberation and independence, liberation movements in the former Portuguese colonies, political campaigns, the anti-apartheid movement, Biafra, Darfur, economics, art, publishing, and music. Through these collections, scholars and students can explore how institutions and organizations communicated with African populations from the mid 19th century through the present day. United States

Organization in Solidarity with the People of Africa, Asia, and Latin America (OSPAAAL) Africa Poster Archive
Lincoln Cushing, Docs Populi
This website has a series of posters produced by the Organization in Solidarity with the People of Africa, Asia, and Latin America (OSPAAAL). OSPAAAL is based in Cuba. This website is part of the Docs Populi - documents for the public website. United States

Pauline H. Baker Collection: South Africa Forum 1986-1994
Dr. Pauline H. Baker
Audio recordings of 90 lectures about contemporary events by scholars, journalists, South African government officials, Bantustan leaders, members of Parliament, and members of opposition groups include the African National Congress, United Democratic Front, National Union of Mineworkers, and Pan-Africanist Congress. Lectures were part of a breakfast series in Washington, D.C. hosted first by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (CEIP) and, later, by the Aspen Institute. Particularly prominent speakers included Thabo Mbeki, Chris Hani, Cyril Ramaphosa, and Mosiuoa Patrick "Terror" Lekota. Also, some lectures by Americans, including George Moose, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs; these members of the House of Representatives: Howard Wolpe and Harry A. Johnston, Chair of the Africa Subcommittee of the Foreign Affairs Committee; and William Minter reporting on RENAMO. United States

Reflecting on the Anti-Apartheid Movement: South African and U.S. Perspectives
University of Chicago
Audio recording of meeting at the University of Chicago featuring Justice Albie Sachs and Prexy Nesbitt on January 18, 2010. The program is moderated by Evalyn Tennant, Associate Director of the Center for International Studies. United States
Richard Knight
Personal web site of Richard Knight, who worked for twenty-six years at the American Committee on Africa (ACOA) and The Africa Fund. He is currently Project Director of the African Activist Archive Project of the African Studies Center at Michigan State University. This site contains numerous documents on U.S. corporate involvement in apartheid South Africa and on the campaign for sanctions and disinvestment, many of which were originally published by ACOA/Africa Fund. Also contains information on the struggle for self-determination in Western Sahara and current information on Africa, especially South Africa. United States

Ripple of Hope in the Land of Apartheid: Robert Kennedy in South Africa, June 1966
In June 1966 Senator Robert Kennedy made an historic visit to South Africa. This site contains, photos, documents, cartoons, newspaper reports related to the trip. It also contains text and audio of his major speeches. United States

Robben Island Museum
Robben Island Museum
South Africa’s most infamous prison for political prisoners during apartheid is now a museum. For nearly 400 years, Robben Island, 12 kilometers from Cape Town, was a place of banishment, exile, isolation and imprisonment. It was here that rulers sent those they regarded as political troublemakers, social outcasts and the unwanted of society. Those imprisoned on the Island succeeded on a psychological and political level in turning a prison ‘hell-hole’ into a symbol of freedom and personal liberation. Robben Island came to symbolize, not only for South Africa and the African continent, but also for the entire world, the triumph of the human spirit over enormous hardship and adversity. South Africa

Ruth First Papers
Institute of Commonwealth Studies
The Ruth First Papers are the collected notes and writings of Ruth First, South African activist, campaigning journalist and scholar. The project, launched in May 2012, is creating a free online digital archive of a selection of Ruth First’s writings held at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies. It will consist of at least 5,000 pages, digitized and presented as academically rigorous clusters of material. The website includes two of her books currently out of print as well as photographs and audio interviews. It also will contain secondary material including conference items and short academic essays about First’s life and work. The resource as a whole will represent a digital version of the Ruth First Resource Centre that was called for in the immediate aftermath of her assassination in 1982. The Ruth First Papers project is based at the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, in partnership with the University of the Western Cape-Robben Island Mayibuye Archives and the Centro de Estudos Africanos, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, Mozambique. United Kingdom

SNCC Legacy Project, Duke University Libraries, Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University
The SNCC Digital Gateway is a digital resource about the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). The website links to online collections and educational resources created by institutions across the country. SNCC recognized the need to stand in solidarity with their African comrades. In July 1967, Jim Forman, SNCC's executive secretary from 1961-1966, spoke at the International Seminar on Apartheid, Racial Discrimination, and Colonialism in South Africa in Kitwe, Zambia. This speech and a small number of other materials about SNCC's international activities, are available. United States

South Africa: Overcoming Apartheid, Building Democracy
Michigan State University
South Africa's successful struggle for freedom and democracy is one of the most dramatic stories of our time. This website presents first-hand accounts of the political movement that brought this about in more than 45 video and audio interviews, along with many clips from these interviews. In addition, raw video footage documenting mass resistance and police repression, historical documents, rare photographs, and original narrative tell this remarkable story. Educational activities for high school and undergraduate students are included that use primary materials on the site. Created by three Michigan State University units: the African Studies Center; MATRIX: The Center for Humane Arts, Letters and Social Sciences Online; and the Department of History. United States

South African Democracy Education Trust (SADET)
South African Democracy Education Trust
The South African Democracy Education Trust (SADET) was established as a project Trust after President Thabo Mbeki indicated his concern about the paucity of historical material on the arduous and complex road to South Africa's peaceful political settlement after decades of violent conflict. The Road to Democracy project is producing a series of books of that title that are a chronological analysis of four decades - 1960-1970, 1970-1980, 1980-1990, 1990-1994. SADET's mission is to examine and analyze events leading to the negotiated settlement and democracy in South Africa with a focus on the events leading to the banning of the liberation movements; the various strategies and tactics adopted in pursuit of the democratic struggle; the events leading to the adoption of the negotiation strategy; and the dynamics underpinning the negotiations process between 1990 and 1994. The books are available online at the website. The project management and research team consists of Dr Gregory Houston (Executive Director), Professor Bernard Magubane (Editor-in-Chief), Dr Sifiso Ndlovu (Director of Research) and Mrs Elsa Kruger (Project Administrator). South Africa

South African Film and Video Project
Michigan State University
The South Africa Film and Video Project (SAFVP) is a collaboration of Michigan State University with several institutions in South Africa to broaden access to film and videotape media about South Africa. One on these partnerships – with the Community Video Education Trust (CVET) in Cape Town – resulted in preservation of hundreds of hours of documentary footage of resistance to apartheid during the 1980s and 1990s and an online archive of these materials (see: Information about more than 2500 productions about South Africa appears in the African Media Program database (see:, and a collection of South African films and videos can be borrowed from the Michigan State University Library. Digitizing and training in digitization at several South African organizations continues. The project was funded by the U.S. Department of Education. United States

South African History Archive
South African History Archive
The South African History Archive (SAHA) is an independent archive dedicated to documenting and supporting the struggles for justice in South Africa. It is located at Constitution Hill, within the Nursery Section of the Women's Jail, on 1 Kotze Street, Braamfontein. South Africa

South African History Online
South African History Online
South African History Online (SAHO) is a non-partisan people’s history project. It was established in 1999 as a not-for-profit organization, to promote research; to popularize South African history and to address the biased way in which the history and cultural heritage of Black South Africans has been represented. SAHO’s website is one of the most comprehensive resources on South African history and culture. South Africa

Springbok Rugby Tour 1981

Macmillan Brown Library Archives University of Canterbury
At the conclusion of the Springbok's Rugby tour of New Zealand in July-September 1981 members of the English Department of the University of Canterbury placed advertisements in a number of newspapers and periodicals throughout New Zealand asking for people's comments and experiences. The collection includes both pro-tour and anti-tour contributions. The responses have been deposited in the Library. In order to preserve anonymity, typescript copies, omitting the names and addresses of contributors, have been made; these are available for consultation. The originals have also been deposited: access to these is totally restricted. The material (0.5 meters) is deposited in the Macmillan Brown Library, University of Canterbury, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8020, New Zealand. Reference Phone: 364-2753 Reference Fax: 364-2816. A digitized version of this is available via Digital Library. To locate the online catalogue information type Springbok in the search feature of the library website. New Zealand

The Anti-Apartheid Movement
Action for Southern Africa
This web page has a history the Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM), one of Britain's most successful international solidarity movements. This web page is on the Action for Southern Africa (ACTSA) website. ACTSA is the successor to the Anti-Apartheid Movement. United Kingdom

The Anti-Apartheid Movement in North Texas
Southern Methodist University
This website documents the anti-apartheid movement North Texas–in Dallas and Fort Worth and on the campus of Southern Methodist University–where activists urged local institutions to divest from companies doing business in South Africa and to implement sanctions. The site was built by Dr. Jill E. Kelly, Assistant Professor of African History at Southern Methodist University (SMU), and her students Hope Anderson, Kyle Carpenter, Camille Davis, Lindsay Grossman, Brianna "Bri" Hogg, Jaqueline Lara, Kathryn Lope, Claiborne Lord, Braunshay Pertile, and Alyssa Sheraden. The students conducted interviews with activists, including Ehi Agboaye, Reverend Bob Cooper, Gary Gilley, Clarence Glover, Jr., Rick Halperin, Reverend Peter Johnson, Anthony Lyons, Judge Eric Moyé, Don Payton, Diane Ragsdale, Baba Ifayomi (Arthur Riggins), Bob Ray Sanders, Reverend Charles Stovall, and Bert Williams. Kelly conducted the interview of Marvin Crenshaw. The audio interviews, along with written explanatory material, are available on the website. United States

The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission Videotape Collection at the Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Library
Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Library
The South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission Videotape Collection features over 80 hours of news broadcasts assembled by journalist Max Du Preez, covering the history and activities of the Commission. The site features finding aids to the collection, summaries of each tape, and a short RealMedia presentation highlighting portions of several of the tapes. United States

John Lindsey Jackson
Dissertation presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Graduate School of Ohio State University, 1989. Full text can be downloaded as a PDF. Contents: Acknowledgments • Vita • I. An Introduction to Student Divestment Activism • II. Emergence of Protest Waves • III. Sources of Protest Events • IV. Impact of Structure on Mobilization • Impact of Campus Protest on Decision to Divest • Problems and Prospects • List of References • List of Tables United States

The US Responds to Apartheid: POLAROID
Barbara Brown, Boston University African Studies Center
A curriculum on the U.S. response to apartheid South Africa that focuses on the role of the Polaroid Corporation. The curriculum uses historical documents from Polaroid and activists criticizing the company and three video selections. Discussion questions include: What is the responsibility of corporations to apartheid? What is the responsibility of individual Americans? United States

Today’s Uprising and the Global Fight against Racism
Max Elbaum (Interviewer), Prexy Nesbitt (Interviewee)
Interview of Prexy Nesbitt. Nesbitt has spent more than 50 years fighting white supremacy on three continents. He worked with liberation movements in southern Africa in the 1960s and built U.S and European solidarity with Africa in the 1970s. United States

Truth Commission Special Report
South African History Archive, South African Broadcasting Corporation
The South African History Archive (SAHA), in conjunction with the South African Broadcasting Corporation (SABC), has created this website that documents the work of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). It includes streaming video of the 87 episodes of the Truth Commission Special Report television series that was broadcast by SABC in 1996-1998. The video episodes have been catalogued, transcribed, and indexed. The site also includes the text of the TRC Final Report, transcripts from TRC hearings, amnesty decisions, submissions made to the TRC, and other related resources. The video episodes are linked to relevant sections of the TRC documents, which is very helpful to users. The website was released in 2012 to mark Human Rights Month. It was funded by the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation and Atlantic Philanthropies. South Africa

United Nations: Historical images of Apartheid in South Africa
United Nations
Photos from the United Nations photo archive collection. United Nations

University of Witwatersrand - Historical Papers
University of the Witwatersrand
Houses a number of collections related to the struggle against apartheid including the Black Sash, the Federation of South African Women, the South African Council of Churches, E. S. Reddy (former Assistant General of the United Nations and Head of its Centre against Apartheid), SPRO-CAS (Study Project On Christianity In An Apartheid Society), the Human Rights Commission (later called Human Rights Committee), Robert Sobukwe, the first president-general of the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), the Kairos Collection (papers of the Kairos Foundation, 1970-2002, Steve Biko, and the Natal Indian Congress. A 400 page guide can be downloaded. South Africa

UWC Robben Island Museum Mayibuye Archive
Robben Island Museum
Located at the University of the Western Cape, the Robben Island Mayibuye Archives includes more than 300 collections of personal and organizational documents reflecting the struggle for national liberation in South Africa. These papers and publications, many of which were banned under apartheid, document the major political events and turning points that culminated in the unbanning of political organizations and the release of Nelson Mandela and other leaders in February 1990, and the country's first democratic election in April 1994. South Africa

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Apartheid Protest
On April 25 1985 Callie Crossley interviews several students about the student occupation of Ballou Hall at Tufts University. One female student says that the demonstrators have demanded that the university divest completely from South Africa and that the university increase financial aid for low-income and minority students. One of the people she interviews is Alysa Rose. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Apartheid Protest
WGBH Educational Foundation
Created on December 4, 1984 United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Apartheid protesters at shantytown on Tufts University campus
WGBH Educational Foundation
Tufts students speak out against the university's investments in companies doing business in South Africa. This video is an excerpt. From the WGBH Ten O'Clock News [Boston] archive. Original Air date: November 8, 1985. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Brandeis chaplains fast for divestment
WGBH Educational Foundation
Brandeis University chaplains and students protest university investments in South Africa. Christy George reports on the end of a two-week fast by chaplains at Brandeis University. Father Maurice Loiselle, Rabbi Albert Axelrad and Reverend Diane Moore discuss their fast and the university's policy regarding South Africa. From the WGBH Ten O'Clock News [Boston] archive. Original Airdate: February 13, 1987. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Divestment, Tutu, Harvard overseers
WGBH Educational Foundation
Jan von Mehren reports that a small band of Harvard Alumni have announced the candidacy of Archbishop Desmond Tutu of South African for the Harvard University Board of Overseers. Von Mehren notes that the Board of Overseers is elected by university alumni to make policy recommendations. She adds that Tutu is on a slate of candidates nominated by the Harvard/Radcliffe Alumni Against Apartheid organization. Von Mehren's report includes footage of Alumni Against Apartheid members Robert Wolff, Robert Zevin, and Linda Davidoff addressing a small crowd on the Harvard Campus. From the WGBH Ten O'Clock News [Boston] archive. Original Airdate: March 9, 1989. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Guinea Bissau Conflict
WGBH Media Library and Archives
Excerpt of an interview with Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) representative Gil Fernandes on the public affairs television program Say Brother on WGBH on February 1, 1972. Fernandes discusses his work, background, and the state of the war in Guinea-Bissau. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Interview with Dennis Brutus
WGBH Educational Foundation
This video clip is an excerpt from an interview with South African poet Dennis Brutus, who reads a poem on the Sharpeville Massacre. From the WGBH Ten O'Clock News [Boston] archive. Original Airdate: March 26, 1982. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Owusu Sadaukai urges boycott of goods from African Countries
WGBH Educational Foundation
Clip from a the show Say Brother on WGBH television in which Owusu Sadaukai, National Chairman of the African Liberation Support Committee (ALSC) in the early 1970s, discusses ways African Americans can boycott goods such as Gulf Oil and Portuguese sardines from African Countries as a way of aiding the liberation struggles in Africa. The show aired on March 7, 1973. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Protest at the South African Consulate, Boston
WGBH Educational Foundation
This video is an excerpt. Willard Johnson demands the resignation of the South African Consul in Boston. Anti-Apartheid protesters gather in front of the South African Consulate at 100 Charles River Plaza in Boston. Willard Johnson announces that the protesters will ask for South African Consul Blankstein's resignation from his post. From the WGBH Ten O'Clock News [Boston] archive. Original Airdate: December 4, 1984. United States

Video Clip from WGBH Archives: Reverend Allan Boesak
WGBH Educational Foundation
Reverend Allan Boesak calls for sanctions against South Africa at Harvard University. This video is an excerpt. From the WGBH Ten O'Clock News [Boston] archive. Original Airdate: January 17, 1989. United States

Villon Films
Villon Films
Villon Films has been independently producing and distributing award-winning films since 1970. With a strong focus on socio-political documentary, the collection spans such issues as government, history, ecology, culture, health and science, women's issues, biography, and the apartheid period of South African history. Villon Films has been independently producing and distributing award-winning films since 1970. With a strong focus on socio-political documentary, the collection spans such issues as government, history, ecology, culture, health and science, women's issues, biography, and the apartheid period of South African history. Anti-apartheid films available include South Africa: the White Laager (1977), a history of Afrikaner nationalism; Generations of Resistance (1980), documenting the long history of African rebellion against white rule up to the student uprising of 1976; and The Nuclear Axis, an exposé of South Africa's move towards the acquisition of nuclear weapons' capability. Canada