International Oil Working Group

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Alternate Names: Sanctions Working Group
Duration: 1979 - Unknown, 1987
Location: New York, United States

The International Oil Working Group (IOWG) is one of a number of organizations that worked to implement an oil embargo initiated by the United Nations General Assembly against South Africa to protest the country's policies of apartheid. The IOWG grew out of the Sanctions Working Group that was established in 1979. Although the nature and timing of the change in names is unclear, Dr. Terisa Turner was instrumental in the formation of both groups and was primarily responsible for their organization and administration. Other directors included Luis Prado, Arnold Baker and Kassahun Checole. Others involved includes Johnny Makatini, Dokali Megharief, Jim Murray, James Petras, Bernard Rivers, Michael Tanzer, and Sybil Wong. While the group was loosely organized, it maintained the basic structure of a special advisory board with a pool of research associates. Primary activities involved researching topics related to the oil embargo; writing papers for regional, national, and international conferences; giving testimony at UN meetings; providing information to governments, unions and other groups committed to aiding in the implementation of the oil embargo; lecturing to students and members of the community on the subject of sanctions against South Africa; and collaborating with the UN Center Against Apartheid. Research topics included tanker monitoring to detect and expose those shipping companies that broke the embargo; the energy needs in those countries in southern Africa which depend upon South Africa to meet some of their energy demands; ways to effectively implement and enforce the oil embargo; trade union action by oil transport workers; Namibian independence and decolonization; and underground oil storage in South Africa. (Source: Description of the International Oil Working Group Collection; and Terisa Turner, a former member of the International Oil Working Group.)

Organizational Archive

Title: International Oil Working Group
Time Span: 1957 - 1987 (bulk 1980 - 1985)
Media: 29 boxes (15 linear ft.)
Description: Nonprofit research and advisory organization that worked to implement the oil embargo initiated against South Africa and its apartheid government by the United Nations General Assembly in 1979. Collection includes administrative documents, correspondence, UN testimony, printed materials produced by the International Oil Working Group (IOWG), various conference files, UN documents relating to South Africa and sanctions, and assorted reference materials, including shipping and tanker information as well as relevant news clippings. Call no.: MS 268. Acquired from Teresa Turner.

Housed At: University of Massachusetts Amherst, W.E.B. Du Bois Library, Special Collections and Archives
Location: 154 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, United States
Catalog/Finding Aid: view
Phone: (413) 545-2780
Reference Email:
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