Gulf Boycott Coalition

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Duration: 1971 - 1975
Location: Dayton, Ohio, United States
Newsletter: Gulf Boycott Coalition Newsletter

In March 1971, the Congregation for Reconciliation in Dayton, Ohio established the Gulf-Angola Committee to coordinate a boycott of Gulf Oil Corporation because of its activities in the Portuguese colony of Angola where there was an active struggle for independence. Gulf had made an important oil discovery in 1966, and in 1972 the oil production rate rose to 127,000 barrels per day. In early July 1971, the Gulf-Angola Committee sponsored a workshop attended by groups and churches from across the country, including the American Committee on Africa and United Church of Christ Council on Christian Action. At the workshop, the Gulf-Angola Committee changed its name to the Gulf Boycott Coalition. The Coalition, still based at the Congregation for Reconciliation, had a national as well as local focus and was able to expand its work after receiving a grant in 1973. The Congregation for Reconciliation (CfR) is a small United Church of Christ church in Dayton, Ohio. It was formed in 1968 in response to the civil rights movement and the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy. (Source: Gideon's Gang: A Case Study of The Church in Social Action by Jeffrey K. Hadden and Charles F. Longino, Jr., United Church Press, 1974 and Richard Righter)