American Coordinating Committee for Equality in Sport and Society

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All (80) | Documents (72) | Photographs (8)

Duration: 1976 - 1991
Location: Boston, Massachusetts, United States

American Coordinating Committee for Equality in Sport and Society (ACCESS) was founded in 1976 by Richard Lapchick. For more than 15 years, ACCESS focused on the international sports boycott of South Africa in such areas as tennis, golf, boxing and rugby. ACCESS was a coalition of some 15 organizations. In 1978, it led a boycott of the Davis Cup tennis match between South Africa and the U.S. at Vanderbilt University. As a result, only 1,100 people attended the match, while several thousand marched outside. Lapchick was teaching at the time at Virginia Wesleyan College. In 1981, ACCESS was involved in Stop the Apartheid Rugby Tour coalition which led the protests against the U.S. tour of the Springboks, the all white South African rugby team, forcing matches to be moved and cancelled in a number of cities. Lapchick was coordinator of the International Advisory Commission to End Apartheid in Sport (IACEAS), which included leading members of the international movement to impose a sports boycott on apartheid South Africa. Originally ACCESS was based in Norfolk, Virginia; at the time Lapchick was at Virginia Wesleyan College. In 1978, ACCESS was moved to New York, New York when Lapchick moved to the city. In 1984 ACCESS was based in Boston, Massachusetts; at this time Lapchick helped found and directed the Center for the Study of Sport in Society in 1984 at Northeastern University. Dennis Brutus of SAN-ROC worked with ACCESS, and he often was listed as a contact on press releases and attended many meetings. ACCESS Coalition Members included: American Committee on Africa; Americans for Democratic Action; American Friends Service Committee; ARENA, the Institute for Sport and Social Analysis; Clergy and Laity Concerned; Coalition of Concerned Black Americans; Gray Panthers; Methodist Federation for Social Action; Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity); South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee (SAN-ROC); South African Students Movement; Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC); Sports for the People; Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. (Source: ACCESS documents and Lapchick biography.)

Organizational Archive

Title: American Coordinating Committee for Equality in Sport and Society (ACCESS) papers
Time Span: [ca. 1969-ca. 1991] Mostly 1976 - 1991
Media: 2 boxes (124 folders) ; 27 x 40 x 13 cm
Description: Correspondence include the Supreme Council for Sport in Africa, U.S. Tennis Association, SAN-ROC, HART (Halt All Racist Tours Movement), Stop the Apartheid Rugby Tour (SART), SACOS, Coalition for Human Rights in South Africa, Richard Lapchick, John Dommisse, Dennis Brutus, Abraham Ordia, Ambassador Harriman, Margaret Thatcher, Trevor Richards and M.N. Pather. This collection forms part of the African Activist Archive collections. Material deposited by Richard Lapchick.
Housed At: Michigan State University Library, Special Collections
Location: 100 Library, East Lansing, MI 48824, United States
Catalog/Finding Aid: view
Restrictions: Collection not yet processed; contact archivist in advance
Phone: 517-353-8700
Related Website:

Related Archives

Related Archive
Title: Center for the Study of Sport in Society (records)
Time Span: 1978-2003 (1985-1998 bulk)
Description: The archives of this center at Northeastern University includes material on the sports boycott of apartheid South Africa including on American Coordination Committee for Sport and Society (ACCESS), which was founded by Lapchick. It also includes material on numerous anti-apartheid organizations around the world including Africa Today Associates, the American Committee on Africa, the Australian Anti-Apartheid Movement, the Bishop Desmond Tutu Scholarship Fund, the Boycott Shell Committee, FREESA, HART: The New Zealand Anti-Apartheid Movement, the International Defense and Aid Fund, the Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement, the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Faculty and Staff Against Apartheid (Northeastern University), the South African Congress on Sport (SACOS), the South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee (SAN-ROC) and the United Nations Centre Against Apartheid. There is also material on anti-apartheid conferences and Teamwork-South Africa (1991-1996).
Housed At: Northeastern University Libraries, Archives and Special Collections
Location: 92 Snell Library, 360 Huntington Ave., Boston, MA 02115, United States
Catalog/Finding Aid: view
Restrictions: Some restrictions apply; contact Archives and Special Collections Department in advance.
Phone: (617) 373-2351
Reference Email:
Related Website: