African Liberation Support Committee

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Duration: 1972-Late 1970s
Location: United States

The African Liberation Support Committee (ALSC), a black activist organization that supported Pan Africanism, was organized at a conference in September 1972 in Detroit, Michigan. ALSC grew out of the first African Liberation Day (ALD) on May 27, 1972 that drew some 60,000 demonstrators in cities across the U.S. and Canada. The first ALD grew out of a trip of a group of black activists to Mozambique's liberated areas in the summer of 1971. One of the activists on that trip was Owusu Sadaukai who, upon his return, convened a meeting in Greensboro, North Carolina that led to the first ALD demonstration, which was designed to show support for African liberation struggles. A second ALSC conference was held in 1974 and was attended by 51 local committees from 27 states and six countries. ALSC organized African Liberation Day each May, and in 1973 demonstrations were held in more than 30 cities with an estimated 100,000 participants. The 1973 African Liberation Day included a call to boycott Portuguese products and Gulf Oil because of its operation in Angola. By 1974 ideological conflicts and other factors including class and regional differences weakened the organization. Many of those who had been involved in ALSC went on to found or join other organizations supporting African struggles against colonialism and apartheid. ALSC published a newsletter Finally Got The News, Vol. I, No. 1, October 1974 described as the ALSC Newsletter of anti-imperialist and anti-racist struggle. It is unknown if more than one issue of this newsletter was published. The newsletter lists the ALSC National Secretariat as: International Representative - Dawolu Gene Locke, Houston, Texas; Information Coordinator - Carl Turpin, Washington, D.C.; Administrative Secretary - Jeledi Endesha, South Bend, Indiana; At-Large - Joyce Johnson, Greensboro, North Carolina; At-Large - Owusu Sadaukai, Durham, North Carolina; At-Large - Imamu Baraka, Newark, New Jersey; At-Large - Jeanette Walton, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and At-Large - Ethel Shefton, Boston, Massachusetts.(Source: "The 1970s: Expanding Networks" by Joseph F. Jordan in No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century, 1950-2000 Africa World Press 2008; Inventory of the Komozi Woodard Amiri Baraka Collection; and Finally Got The News, Vol. I, No. 1, October 1974, ALSC.)

Related Archives

Related Archive
Title: Komozi Woodard Amiri Baraka collection
Time Span: African Liberation Support Committee 1973-1976
Description: The collection consists of materials from the years 1913 through 1998 that document African American author and activist Amiri Baraka and were gathered by Dr. Komozi Woodard in the course of his research. The collection has been arranged into eighteen series. Series IX is about the African Liberation Support Committee, 1973-1976. In 1971, Owusu Sadaukai (Howard Fuller) traveled to Africa where he observed the anti-colonial movements in Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, and Angola. Upon his return to the United States, Sadaukai began to make plans for an African Liberation Day (ALD) demonstration that was designed to show worldwide support for the African liberation struggles. Amidst the planning for the first ALD in 1972, the African Liberation Support Committee (ALSC) was formed. This series of ALSC materials contains the ALSC statement of principles, an article on Tanzanian socialism by Walter Rodney, a CAP position paper on ALSC, and a handbook on African Liberation Month that includes a brief history of the ALSC. Several documents in this series provide evidence of a serious ideological struggle within the organization. These documents include a paper by ALSC international chairperson Dawolu Gene Locke, a paper by Abdul Hakimu lbn Alkalimat and Nelson Johnson discussing the ALSC statement of principles adopted at a 1973 meeting in Frogmore, South Carolina, and position papers from several ALSC branches about the future direction of the organization.
Housed At: Atlanta-Fulton Public Library System, Auburn Avenue Research Library on African-American Culture and History
Location: 101 Auburn Avenue, N.E., Atlanta, Georgia 30303, United States
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