In April 1971, a group of activists attended the annual meeting of Gulf Oil Corporation in Atlanta to protest the company's involvement in Angola. From left are Janet Hooper (American Committee on Africa [ACOA]), unidentified woman, Jennifer Davis (ACOA), Dick Leonard (ACOA), Marty Hanlon (Committee for a Free Mozambique [CFM]), and Barbara Barnes (CFM). Barbara Barnes of the Committee for a Free Mozambique (CFM) purchased a share of Gulf stock to attend the meeting and nominated MPLA President Agostino Neto to the Board of Directors. Abel Guimarres, president of the Angolan Student Union in America, told shareholders, "Angolans know Gulf is our enemy. It is helping to kill men, women and children in our country." Shareholder resolutions proposed that a committee be established to study the corporation's involvement in Portuguese Africa and that the corporate charter be amended to exclude investment in colonial-ruled areas. These resolutions were defeated. Gulf struck oil in the province of Cabinda in 1966; production reached 85,000 barrels per day by 1970. Gulf paid about $16 million to the Portuguese government, a significant portion of the cost of its colonial wars against the liberation movements in Angola, Mozambique and Guinea-Bissau. (See "Gulf Angola View Wins," The New York Times, April 28, 1971.) [Note: Abel Guimarres is how the name is spelled in The New York Times. The correct spelling may be Abel Guimaraes.]
Photo courtesy of Mimi Edmunds.
Collection: Private collection of Mimi Edmunds