SOUTHERN AFRICA: CRISIS FOR AMERICAN POLICY

by American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
Undated, early 1968?
5 pages
Type: Report
Coverage in Africa: Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zimbabwe
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
Contents: TODAY'S CRISIS • SOUTHERN AFRICA "CAPTIVE NATIONS" • APARTHEID • LABOR • RELIGION • SEPARATE AMENITIES • VOTING • LAND • PASSES • POLITICAL PARTIES • THE PENALTIES • BANNING • 180 DAYS • 5 YEARS • DEATHS • VORSTER’S NEW LOOK? • THE UNITED STATES IS IMPLICATED • INVESTMENT • TRADE • MORE SIGNIFICANTLY • IN ANGOLA/MOZAMBIQUE • IN RHODESIA • IN SOUTH WEST AFRICA (NAMIBIA) • PRESENT POLICY: ACCOMMODATION • TOMORROW'S WAR • POLICY PROPOSALS • The U.S. should disengage from South Africa • The report provides information on Angola, Mozambique, Rhodesia, South West Africa, and South Africa. The report discusses the struggle for basic human rights and freedoms in southern Africa and notes that peoples of Africa and Asia have fully identified with the struggle for freedom in southern Africa, while Western countries have maintained a policy of reluctant concern. The report notes that more than 250 U.S. companies operate in South Africa with direct investments worth $500 million (or $800 million, counting also indirect and portfolio investments). The report says U.S. companies lead in building South Africa's self-sufficiency and its defenses to economic sanctions. U.S. companies refine and explore for South Africa's most scarce commodity - oil; rubber companies produce synthetics; motor companies make vehicles which can be used for policing the Blacks; banks and investment companies supply scarce risk capital to the small South African market. The U.S. also assists Portugal with arms supply and military training through NATO. The U.S. has not stopped the "smuggling" of warplanes through Canada to Portugal and thence to Angola. The United Nations policy of mandatory sanctions against Rhodesia has not brought about the fall of the illegal regime of Ian Smith primarily because the border with South Africa and Mozambique has been like a sieve. The report says the U.S., after supporting a U.N. resolution (October, 1966) which declared that "henceforth Namibia comes under the direct responsibility of the United Nations" (and thus terminating by international law South Africa's right to administer the territory), failed to sponsor a final resolution (May, 1967) implementing the October decision. The May resolution established a U.N. Council and Commission for S.W.A. to administer the territory until independence, but the Security Council has been immobilized because the big powers did not support the May resolution and because South Africa has declared its intent to ignore U.N. action. The report says the U.S. has condemned apartheid at the United Nations and has gone further than any other major arms supplier. Otherwise, the U.S. has done nothing to restrain its profitable involvement with the Republic. The report discusses oppression, African trade unions, skilled labor, churches, segregation, hospitals, schools, pass books, Prime Minister B.J. Vorster, Ian Smith, Rhodesia, Parliament, A.N.C. (African National Congress, ANC), P.A.C. (Pan Africanist Congress, PAC), banned, criminal office political offenders, political signs, the Olympic Games in Mexico, the National Government (National Party), urban areas, a police state, democracy, President Johnson, Economic Disengagement, the sugar quota, the EX-Im Bank (Export-Import Bank), FCIA  credit, Fair Employment Practices, diplomatic personnel, the Export Control Act, AID, refugees, political prisoners, the right of asylum of black South Africans, the UN Trust Fund, refugee education projects in Zambia and Tanzania, UNHCR, Rhodesia, oil sanctions, "No Independence Before Majority Rule" (NIBMAR), the U.S. Tracking Station, Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zambia, and Malawi.
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Africa Action Archive