U.S. - Portuguese Relations
by Jennifer Davis, American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
March 14, 1974
American Committee on Africa
Testimony by Jennifer Davis before the Subcommittee on Africa about Portuguese colonialism in Africa. Davis quotes from statements by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, Ambassador George Bush in the Security Council, Secretary of State William Rogers, and Assistant Secretary of State David Newsom that underscore the desire of the U.S. to see Portugal play a continued role in Africa, the refusal of the U.S. government to recognize the liberation movements as being the legitimate representatives of the people, and the increasing strategic interest the U.S. has in the Indian Ocean and thus in the maintenance of "friendly" dominate powers particularly in South Africa and the coastal Portuguese colonies. Davis says governments of countries such as Sweden, Norway and Holland have assisted nation-building activities of the movements. Newspaper reporters and film-makers have recorded vivid impressions of the new schools and hospitals, of the revitalized life of the people, but the U.S. continues to prefer the judgment of the Portuguese. Davis says despite almost overwhelming military odds - the Portuguese have used close to 200,000 well armed troops and much Western built equipment in the wars - the movements have succeeded in establishing permanent bases, in penetrating deep into the interior of their countries, and in liberating significant land areas and population groups. Davis quotes Professor Gerald Bender and Bernard Rivers on Angola. The testimony says Portugal's aldeamentos policy is part of its effort to regiment and control the population and isolate the liberation movements. Davis discusses the proclamation of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. The testimony mentions companies including Esso International, Sun, Amerada Hess, Philips Petroleum, Amoco, Occidental, Argo Petroleum, Texaco, Banger Oil Co., and Superior Oil, Mobil, Caltex, Exxon as well as Gulf Oil in Cabinda. Davis discusses the sale of helicopters to Portugal and expresses ACOA's opposition to any renewal of the Azores Agreement and deep concern about the Diego Garcia negotiations. • U.S. Policy: Background and Implementation • Portugal • Angola • Mozambique • Guinea-Bissau • U.S. Policy in Practice • The Renegotiation of the Azores Agreement - a hidden price tag • Guinea-Bissau • Continued Breaches of the Arms Embargo
This item was digitized for Aluka, which made it available to the African Activist Archive.
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Africa Action Archive