Contents: I. Actions Taken by the Assembly and an Assessment of the Accomplishments • South Africa • Portuguese Territories • South West Africa • Southern Rhodesia • II. The Mood of the Assembly and the US Position • The report says the Eighteenth Session of the General Assembly which adjourned on December 18th did not take spectacular action on African issues; it had been thought by many when the Assembly opened in September that African States would demand much more vigorous action on South Africa, for example, than actually finally emerged. The report says with the admission of Kenya and Zanzibar, African States now number 34 (excluding South Africa) out of 113 Member States in the United Nations. The report says the African countries did not press action to expel or suspend South Africa from the United Nations as had been expected before the General Assembly convened. The report says it is significant that for the first time, with the exception of South Africa itself and Portugal, resolutions on South Africa were passed virtually unanimously with the agreement of the United States, the United Kingdom, and France. The report says nothing new emerged from the resolutions of either the General Assembly or the Security Council on the issue of Portuguese Territories this session. The report discusses Asians, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the sake and shipment of equipment and materials for the manufacture and maintenance of arms and ammunition, the “sabotage trial”, political prisoners, a group of experts, the Special Committee on the Policies of Apartheid of the Government of South Africa, self-determination, the Secretary General, the Portuguese Foreign Minister, Mr. Godfrey Amachree, South West Africa, the Committee on Colonialism, the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, Southern Rhodesia, the Central African Federation, Nyasaland, Nkomo, Sithole, military and political power, the white minority, majority rule, universal adult suffrage, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, detente, the cold war, big powers, political trials, Article 94 of the Charter, the International Court (International Court of Justice, ICJ), Captain Henrique Galvao, Eduardo Mondlane, the Forth Committee, nuclear experimentation in an abandoned gold mine, the Case Institute in Cleveland, and the University of Witwatersrand.
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Africa Action Archive