Documenting the U.S. Solidarity Movement - With reflections on sanctions and divestment campaigns

by Richard Knight
New York, New York, United States
October 2004
Publisher: African Activist Archive Project
16 pages
Type: Conference Presentation
Coverage in Africa: South Africa, Southern Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
This paper was presented at the conference "A Decade of Freedom: Celebrating the Role of the International Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa's Freedom Struggle" in Durban, South Africa, October 10-13, 2004. Richard Knight is a New York City-based consultant and director of the African Activist Archive Project. From 1974 until 2001 he worked at the American Committee on Africa and its associate The Africa Fund and participated in numerous anti-apartheid campaigns. The paper discusses the Campaign of Defiance Against Unjust Laws, the African National Congress (ANC), Chase Manhattan, Citibank, Manufacturers Hanover, Mobil, Shell, Ford, General Motors (GM), International Business Machines (IBM), Control Data, the Krugerrand, the University Christian Movement, the Committee of Conscience Against Apartheid, the European-American Banking Corporation, Clergy and Laity Concerned, the Campaign to Oppose Bank Loans to South Africa (COBLSA), Seafirst, First Bank System, North Carolina National Bank, the Conference on Public Investment and South Africa, the National Conference of State Legislatures, the National Black Caucus of State Legislators, the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), TransAfrica, the Washington Office on Africa, the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act, Aluka, the Council on African Affairs, Americans for South African Resistance, the Free South Africa Movement, the Congressional Black Caucus, the Polaroid Revolutionary Workers Movement, FOSATU, COSATU, the AFL-CIO, the South African Communist Party, Inkatha, the Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, AFSCME, the United Nations Centre Against Apartheid, the Student Nonviolence Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Corporate Data Exchange, the Export-Import Bank, the Gramm Amendment, the IMF (International Monetary Fund), the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), and Kodak. People mentioned in the paper include Dumisani S. Kumalo, Prexy Nesbitt, Jennifer Davis, P.W. Botha, President Reagan, Charles Rangel, Nelson Mandela, George M. Houser, Chief Albert Luthuli, Walter Sisulu, Manilal Gandhi, Z.K. Matthews, Charles Cobb Jr., Gail Hovey, William Minter, Lisa Brock, Mimi Edmunds, Joseph Jordan, David Goodman, Walter Turner, Paul Robeson, Max Yergan, W.E.B. De Bois, Oliver Tambo, Martin Luther Jing Jr., Wyatt Tee Walker, Randall Robinson, Walter Fauntroy, Mary Frances Berry, Jimmy Carter, Ken Williams, Caroline Hunter, Paul Irish, Indres Naidoo, Leon Sullivan, Buthelezi, Oscar Mpetha, Moses Mayekiso, William Lucy, E.S. Reddy, Julian Bond, Ernie Chambers, Maxine Waters, Danny Davis, George Deukmejian, Desmond Tutu, Ronald Dellums, and Richard Lugar. Contents: Overview of the U.S. Movement • Sanctions and Divestment • College & University Divestment Campaign • Bank Campaign • State and Municipal Government "People's Sanctions" • Capital Flight from South Africa • Documenting and record and activities of the U.S. movement • African Activist Archive Project • No Easy Victories • Aluka • Conclusion • Authors Note • About Richard Knight
Used by permission of Richard Knight.