by World Peace Brigade
New York, New York, United States
October 1962
4 pages
Type: Leaflet
Coverage in Africa: Namibia, South Africa, Southern Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
Educational leaflet about the struggle in southern Africa. Liberation movements have brought self-government and independence to the greater part of Africa, from Algeria to Tanganyika, but it has now come up against the bastion of reaction, neo-colonialism, and racism which is the Republic of South Africa. The urge for liberation and independence rises in the peoples of the Central African Federation, the Portuguese dictatorships of Angola and Mozambique and the two rich copper mining territories of Northern Rhodesia and Katanga. The apartheid regime in South Africa could not endure for long surrounded by independent and democratic African states. The Verwoerd regime refuses to give up control of this region in spite of repeated U.N. actions. Powerful Western industrial and financial combines and trusts are involved in this struggle. These include Anglo-American Corporation, Tanganyika Concessions (not owned or controlled by any one in Tanganyika), Union Miniere (largely Belgian), Rhodesian Selection Trust, American Metals Climax, and a large number of South African gold mining concerns and the world diamond monopoly of De Beers. The leaflet says the World Peace Brigade is based on the Gandhian concept of nonviolence. It has established the beginning of a Training Center in Nonviolence in Dar es Salaam, capital of Tanganyika. People can support these efforts by working to withdraw U.S. and Western support from racist regimes and from the economic and political forces which undergird them. In particular, support the U.N. Resolution calling on South Africa to end political persecution in Southwest Africa and open the way for free elections and preparation for immediate independence. Also, demand the immediate release of Chief Luthuli and other political prisoners. The Reverend Michael Scott has represented the Herrero and Nama Chiefs of Southwest Africa for 16 years. The leaflet mentions the American Committee on Africa, the Congress of Racial Equality, the Negro American Labor Committee, and the Post War World Council. [Note: this leaflet was apparently passed out during a walk/demonstration at the South African Consulate in New York on October 22, 1962.]
Collection: Winifred Courtney Collection, National Archives of Namibia