September 25 Day of Solidarity with the People of Mozambique
by Africa Research Group
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Contents: SOLIDARITY WITH MOZAMBIQUE • MOZAMBIQUE-PORTUGUESE RELATIONS • PORTUGAL'S EFFORTS • The pamphlet says Sept. 25th begins a week of solidarity with the people of Mozambique; on that day in 1964 armed struggle was launched against Portuguese oppression. The pamphlet says Mozambique is a Portuguese colony; as a colony its land and people have served the interests of a white Portuguese aristocracy; Portugal, however, has also suffered a kind of "colonization" by the powerful industrial concerns of Europe and the U.S. The pamphlet says Mozambicans know that their most immediate enemy is the Portuguese army; but they also realize that their struggle is against more than a few out-dated Portuguese colonialists. The pamphlet says Mozambique will also have to deal with the interests that are now behind Portugal and that will definitely try to fill the void left by Portugal's defeat. The pamphlet says solidarity with Mozambique is expressed in the U.S. by our understanding how much we have in common with these people; we are all in the same fight against the same enemy; we just happen to be at different ends of the same system. The pamphlet says four hundred and sixty-five years ago Portugal set-out to 'civilize' Mozambique: a country twice the size of California, tropical to semi-tropical climate, many known resource deposits, and very good harbor sites. Today, 140,000 white settlers rule and exploit 7,000,000 Mozambican. The pamphlet says on Sept. 25, 1964 FRELIMO (Frente de Libertacao de Mozambique) began armed struggle against the Portuguese colonial forces; a small band staged a night attack against the Portuguese colonial office at Chai, in Cabo Delgado province; continual guerrilla pressure combined with growing local support drove Portugal first to strategic hamlets and in some cases forced them to evacuate large areas. The pamphlet says by 1968 FRELIMO had liberated a fifth of the territory in the north of Mozambique and 700,000 of the people; important military campaigns are now being waged to extend that control in other provinces; the popular army now numbers more than 10,000 people. The pamphlet says things are amazingly connected; oil from Venezuela, refined in New Jersey, fueling planes that will drop bombs on. the people of Mozambique; the governor of New York and his two brothers, the Governor of Arkansas and the Chairman of the Board of the second largest bank in the world, control that oil company; now the brothers may not really have anything against the people of Mozambique, but, you see, their company lives on profits, and people's liberation and profit don't mix well ... and so Portugal is propped up until some better solution (for the Rockefeller's not for the people) comes along. The pamphlet says our enemy is the same. Until the Rockefellers, and the Mellons, and the Morgans are defeated, until capitalism is defeated, our struggle will go on. The pamphlet discusses forced labor, 'assimilados', 'indiginas' schools, agriculture, health clinics, socialism, military aid, NATO, and pass books. [Note: This pamphlet may be incomplete; see contents first page.]
Used by permission of Danny Schechter, Sam Barnes and Robert Maurer, former members of Africa Research Group.
Collection: William Minter Southern Africa Papers