TransAfrica Forum Issue Brief
(Vol. 2, No. 10)
by TransAfrica Forum
Washington, DC, United States
Contents: SUBSTITUTING FORCE FOR DIPLOMACY: TODAY GRENADA, TOMORROW ... ? • U.S. INTERVENTION: THE MORE THINGS CHANGE …. • A HISTORY OF U.S. INTERVENTION: WHO INVITED U.S.? • VIEWPOINT: MICHAEL MANLEY • GRENADA'S "REAL" THREAT • VIEWPOINT: A.W. SINGHAM • REAGAN WATCH: JUST WHAT HE ALWAYS WANTED • VIEWPOINT: RAMON SANCHEZ PARODI • DEATH OF A PEACEFUL REVOLUTION • VIEWPOINT: RONALD DELLUMS • PROVING MIGHT MAKES RIGHT • VIEWPOINT: TOM FARER • THE INVASION AND INTERNATIONAL LAW • VIEWPOINT: DESSIMA WILLIAMS • COLONY IN THE MAKING • This ISSUE BRIEF looks at the invasion of Grenada within the context of U.S. military intervention throughout this hemisphere on numerous occasions since the nineteenth century. Current actions fall neatly within the long pattern of U.S. relations with its neighbors; the U.S. again relied on brute force rather than diplomacy to compel compliance with its wishes. Indeed, previous U.S. governments voiced exactly the same pretext in almost exactly the same words to explain the invasions of Cuba in 1898, Nicaragua in 1912, and the Dominican Republic in 1965. For the rest of the world, both friend and foe alike, undoubtedly, this is a frightening precedent. On October 25, 1983, nearly 2,000 U.S. Marines and Army Rangers stormed the tiny Caribbean island of Grenada; a bloody coup, which left Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and at least 16 other persons dead, finally had provided the Reagan administration with the long-awaited excuse to resort to military intervention. In one move, it seemed that Washington had magically blotted out the memories of the Bay of Pigs fiasco, the Vietnam War, Watergate, and the Iranian hostage crisis. Returning veterans received a hero's welcome, and the armed forces reported an increasing number of new recruits. The newsletter mentions Rhodesia, the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI), the Central African Federation, Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI), the CONTADORA Group, the New Jewel Movement (NJM), People's National Party, the UN Security Council, and the UN Charter, and TransAfrica Forum staff Cherri D. Waters, Cecelie Counts, Menda Ahart, and Randall Robinson.
Used by permission of TransAfrica Forum.
Collection: William Minter Southern Africa Papers