Contents: DEVELOPING AFRICA: THE SHRINKING U.S. SHARE • THE GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: HOW DOES U.S. FOREIGN AID MEASURE UP? • THE GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: WHAT IS THE U.S. GIVING TO AFRICA? • REAGAN WATCH: THE WORLD BANK "AMBUSHED ... IN THE PASS" • PROFILE ON PEOPLE: C. PAYNE LUCAS OF AFRICARE • Table 1. U.S. ODA IN COMPARISON WITH ALL OTHER DAC COUNTRIES, 1965-1980 and Table 2. TOTAL ECONOMIC AND MILITARY ASSISTANCE Fiscal Year 1983. • U.S. foreign assistance has declined steadily as a percentage of the U.S. gross national product (GNP) and as compared to other Western donors. The precipitous reduction in official development assistance (ODA) is attributed to several factors: deteriorating domestic and global economic conditions; the rise of fiscal conservatism in the U.S.; a retreat by the American public from foreign involvements; and indifference on the part of influential senior levels of government. Critics of U.S. foreign aid have marshalled an arsenal of arguments for further circumscribing the Agency for International Development (USAID). The Reagan administration also has mounted a sustained drive to inhibit the role of the World Bank by limiting replenishments to Bank affiliates such as the International Development Association (IDA); both the administration and the Congress have slashed funding for multinational agencies such as the African Development Bank Fund. As always, Africa remains low continent on the totem pole in the annual U.S. foreign aid allocations. TransAfrica Forum Executive Director Randall Robinson explored reasons for these trends with Howard Wolpe, Chairman of the House International Relations Sub-committee on Africa. Of the 25 poorest countries in the world, 18 are in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the last decade, the economic performance in these countries has seriously declined; food production is down by 15%; average annual growth in per capita GNP is projected between one percent and negative one-tenth of a percent between 1980 and 1990. The newsletter quotes Henry S. Reuss (Dem.-Wis.), Chairman, Joint Economic Committee of Congress and also mentions civil strife, instability, military coups, economic and military assistance, Secretary of State Alexander Haig, Congressman Lee Hamilton, John Sewell, the Overseas Development Council, the Republican platform, OMB Director David Stockman, Robert McNamara, the Peace Corps, Sergeant Shriver, Togo, President Hamani Diori, private voluntary organization (PVO), the Defense Department, the Air Force, trade, economic progress, military aid to Zaire, segregated educational and other institutions in South Africa, regional peace, indigenous local development organizations, cooperatives, housing agencies, village organizations, self-sustaining development progress, Undersecretary of Treasury Beryl Sprinkel, Upper Volta, Mali, Niger, and TransAfrica Forum staff Anne Forrester Holloway, Cherri D. Waters, and Menda Ahart.
Used by permission of TransAfrica Forum.
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root