WE DEMAND The Release of All South African Political Prisoners
INTERNATIONAL ACTION AGAINST APARTHEID
by American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
About June 4, 1964
This pamphlet was apparently distributed at a march at the South Africa Consulate in solidarity with Nelson Mandela, Walter Sisulu, and seven other members of the African National Congress (ANC) on trial for sabotage. The pamphlet says 11 million Africans are the servants and prisoners of 3 million whites; they are forbidden to vote, move freely, live where they choose, hold skilled jobs, bargain collectively, get a decent education; for 50 years they have non-violently protested; only after the 1960 Sharpeville Massacre did they turn to sabotage of property; in answer the Afrikaner government of Hendrik Verwoerd has arrested 4,000 persons, banned, banished and exiled thousands of others, banned the main protest groups and their press, tripled the military budget, and placed virtually all whites under arms. Sponsors listed on the pamphlet are: American Committee on Africa (ACOA); American Society of African Culture; Association of Artists for Freedom; Campus Americans for Democratic Action (ADA); CORE (Congress of Racial Equality); Local 1199, RWDSU; NAACP; Student Action Committee, Union Seminary; Students for a Democratic Society (SDS); SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee); United Automobile Workers (UAW); and US National Student Association. • SOUTH AFRICA IS A POLICE STATE • SOUTH AFRICA IS A THREAT TO PEACE • END THE TORTURE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS • WILL THE SABOTAGE DEFENDANTS HANG? • THEY MUST NOT HANG! • JOIN OUR MARCH… SHOW SOLIDARITY WITH THE OPPRESSED ON SOUTH AFRICA [Note: The trial became known as the Rivonia trial.]
Used by permission Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root