The South African Pass Book
by Bay Area Free South Africa Movement
Oakland, California, United States
Contents: THE SOUTH AFRICAN PASS BOOK • PASS BOOKS AND APARTHEID • SOUTH AFRICAN WOMEN FIGHT BACK • U.S. SUPPORT OF APARTHEID • BAY AREA WOMEN STAND UP • JOIN WITH US! • The mock pass book describes the pass book that all by every Black South African 16 years of age and older; were you living in South Africa must carry, under penalty of immediate arrest if you fail to have it. Approximately 1,000 people are arrested every day for pass law violations. The pass book records where they may live and at what job they may work. South African women have fought this system. One of the most dramatic expressions of this struggle took place on August 9, 1956, in the capital of South Africa; more than 20,000 women of all races and from all parts of the country gathered to demand the withdrawal of pass books for Black women as well as the repeal of the pass laws. Demonstrations spread throughout the country; pass books were burned. Thousands of women were beaten by the police and hundreds were arrested. The pamphlet invites people to join the Bay Area Free South Africa Movement and to wear a red ribbon to show your opposition to apartheid. [Note: this pamphlet may have been produced in the lead-up to South African Women’s Day on March 8, 1985.]
Used by permission of David Bacon, a former member of the Bay Area Free South Africa Movement.
Collection: Miloanne Hecathorn papers