DEVELOPMENTS IN THE ANGOLAN SITUATION SUMMER, 1963
Presented by Dr. John Marcum to the Executive Board of the American Committee on Africa
by John Marcum, American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
Undated, sometime after September 16, 1963
Coverage in Africa:
, South Africa
, Democratic Republic of the Congo
, Republic of Congo
Report by John Marcum says that events beginning with the Addis Ababa Conference of the Heads of African States and ending with the Dakar Conference of Foreign Ministers have brought about a radical change in the Angolan situation. A split between Dr. Agostinho Neto and Mario de Andrade of the MPLA became evident at a meeting in Dar es Salaam of the nine-member Commission appointed by the Addis Ababa conference to administer the Solidarity Fund. Following this meeting, the Government of the Congo (Leopoldville) recognized the GRAE (Government in Exile). Dr. Neto attempted to counter da Cruz' move by merging with a number of unlikely Angolan ''nationalist" parties (Ngwizako, a tribal group; MDIA, collaborators with the Portuguese; UNTA, the MPLA labor union; and the 15-member MNA) to form the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Angola. These events came on the eve of the arrival of the six-man Reconciliation Commission whose purpose had been to bring together all the Angolan nationalist parties. The makeup of the Reconciliation Commission seemed to indicate that it would favor the MPLA over the FNLA and GRAE; however, it reached a unanimous decision that the FNLA was the only group to be aided, and that it had the right to admit parties and individuals on any basis it might choose. The Dakar conference accepted the recommendations of the Reconciliation Commission and urged African States to extend recognition to the Government in Exile. In the Portuguese Guinea situation, the Dakar conference refused to choose between the numerous nationalist parties, though the PAIGC clearly has control of the military situation. The ouster of the Youlou government under trade union pressure created fear of a repetition in Leopoldville; the trade union movement is one of the few organized groups in the Congo, and though Adoula is by profession a trade unionist, they are now quite antagonistic to him. The report mentions Congo (Brazzaville), Abbe Fulbert Youlou, Viriato da Cruz, Dr. Ian Gilchrest, UDENAMO, FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front), SWAPO, ZANU, Sithole, a Swiss group, a school for training of administrative cadres, negotiations, and the Pan-African Congress (PAC).
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Peter Weiss papers, Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections