Contents: Background • LABOR ORGANIZING IN TANGANYIKA • Achievements • Labor and Living Conditions • Obstacles to Union Organizing • Conclusions • RECOMMENDATIONS • Report by Gilbert Jonas, Executive Board member of American Committee on Africa (ACOA) and of Local 3, American Newspaper Guild, AFL-CIO. Tanganyika, a former German colony, became a mandated territory administered by Great Britain under the League of Nations system after the World War I. After World War II, Great Britain agreed to include Tanganyika as a Trust Territory under the U.N. Trusteeship System, committing it to further the development of political self-government or independence. The report says unlike Kenya, the Rhodesias, or Algeria, the problems of Tanganyika are not complicated by the existence of a sizable minority of white settlers. There are eight million Africans in the territory and only 80,000 Asians and 20,000 whites, mostly merchants and civil servants, respectively. Tanganikya’s population includes about 450,000 workers, about 60% of whom are plantation laborers, mostly on seisal [sisal], tea and sugar plantations; well over 90% are Africans and the bulk of them are agricultural laborers, historically the most difficult to organize even in modem countries. Only about 15,000 African workers are urbanized. The report discusses Tanganyika Federation of Labor (TFL), the Tanganyika Civil Service, the Social Development Department, the YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association), a laborite British civil servant, the pro-trade union orientation of the British Labor Party, the Film Unit, the African Civil Servants Association (ACSA), the white middle class, the Tanganyika European Civil Service Association, the Asian Civil Service Association, education, a Cambridge School Certificate, Der-es-Salaam, Tanga, dock workers, a strike, government law prohibiting public assembly, police, the Tanganyika Federation of Labor, railway workers, stevedores, domestic and hotel workers, the Lidbury Salary Commission, differential wage structure based on race, the Joint Industrial Council, wives, pressure on African farmers, the Masai tribe, traditional fertile land, protests, game preserve land, tribal customs, Tom Mboya, the Tanganyika free labor movement, a Free Labor Fund, books, funds for scholarships, U.S. and British universities, a union library, a loudspeaker and public address system, and mimeograph machines.
Collection: Peter Weiss (Africa collection), Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections