The War Against Children: South Africa's Youngest Victims

by Helena Cook, Diane Orentlicher, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights
with Desmond Tutu, Milagro Harris, Patricia McCrary, Bayla Travis
New York, New York, United States
April 1986
211 pages
Type: Pamphlet
Coverage in Africa: South Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
Contents: FOREWORD by Bishop Desmond Tutu • PREFACE • INTRODUCTION • SUMMARY OF CONCLUSIONS • CHAPTER I BACKGROUND TO THE UNREST • CHAPTER II THE APPARATUS OF CONTROL • A. The Security Structure • B. The South African Police • C. The South African Defense Force • D. Security Legislation • E. Other Permanent Legislation • F. The State of Emergency • CHAPTER III VIOLENCE IN THE STREETS • A. Children Killed • B. Children Injured by Police Action • C. Arrests of Hospitalized Children • D. Police Conduct At Funerals • E. The "Trojan Horse" Incident • CHAPTER IV ABUSES BY THE SADF AGAINST CHILDREN • A. Short-Term Abductions • B. Short-Term Detentions at Army Barracks • CHAPTER V SECURITY FORCES IN THE SCHOOLS • A. Military Operations in the Schools • B. Mass Arrests at Schools • C. Examination-Period Violence • CHAPTER VI ARRESTS OF CHILDREN • A. Arrest Under the Internal Security Act • B. Arrest Under the Criminal Procedure Act • 1. Arbitrary Arrest • 2. The Right to Counsel • 3. Detention Pending Trial • 4. Trial Proceedings • C. Arrest Under the Emergency Regulations • D. Informing Parents • CHAPTER VII ASSAULT AND TORTURE OF CHILDREN IN DETENTION • A. Assault at the Time of Arrest • B. Abuse of Children in Detention • C. Long-Term Psychological Damage • D. Supposed Safeguards Against Abuse in Detention • CHAPTER VIII DEATHS IN DETENTION • CHAPTER IX CONDITIONS IN DETENTION • A. General Condition • B. Access to Detainees • CHAPTER X INVESTIGATION AND PROSECUTION OF ABUSES BY THE SECURITY FORCES • A. Complaints • B. The Government's Response • C. Legal Proceedings • CHAPTER XI OPERATION OF THE JUSTICE SYSTEM • A. Structure of the South African Judiciary • B. Detention and Banning cases • C. Cases Involving Physical Abuse of Detainees • CHAPTER XII THE ROLE OF THE UNITED STATES • A. Support for a "Reformist" Government • B. Limited Sanctions Are Imposed • C. Active Constructive Engagement • The pamphlet discusses Khotso House, the Minister of Law and Order, Black Sash, the Detainees' Parents Support Committee, the Legal Resources Center, the Black Lawyers Association, the Center for Applied Legal Studies, Dayle Powell, the Carter Center, apartheid, violence, sjamboks, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Chester Crocker, majority rule, the White House, civil unrest, black townships, school boycotts, State President P.W. Botha, the Congress of South African Students (COSAS), Soweto, Brigadier Jan Coetzee, the State Security Council (SSC), the National Intelligence Service (NIS), the Security Branch, the South African Police (SAP), national service, Sebokeng, Sharpeville, Boipatong, the Defense Act, incommunicado detention without charge, the United Democratic Front (UDF), the Prisons Act, the Protection of Information Act, the Progressive Federalist Party, Crossroads, the Pretoria Council of Churches, tear gas, birdshot,  buckshot, Athlone, Orlando Police Station, protests, the new Constitution, the hated town councils, high rents, economic grievances, Vista High School, Kasselsvlei Senior Secondary School, the Western Cape Teachers Union, freedom songs, President Reagan, the South African National Education Crisis Committee, and the Reagan Administration.
Used by permission of Human Rights First (formerly the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights). 
Collection: Elizabeth S. Landis collection, National Archives of Namibia