Interview with George M. Houser, founder of Americans for South African Resistance (AFSAR) and the American Committee on Africa (ACOA). Houser was Executive Director of ACOA from 1955 until 1981 and Executive Secretary of its sister organization The Africa Fund from its founding in 1966 until 1981. Houser discusses the Fellowship of Reconciliation, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., the University Christian Movement, A. Phillip Randolph, Bill Sutherland, the African National Congress (ANC), Walter Sisulu, Manilal Gandhi, Z.K. Mathews, the Defiance Campaign, civil disobedience against Jim Crow laws, apartheid, the Abyssinian Baptist Church, Adam Clayton Powell, Canada Lee, Cry the Beloved Country, Charles Y. Trigg, the Salem Methodist Church in Harlem, Donald Harrington, the Community Church in New York, the Council on African Affairs, Roger Baldwin, Norman Thomas, Conrad Lynn, the ANC Youth League, the McCarthy period, A. J. Muste, Paul Robeson, Alphaeus Hunton, communism, the Soviet Union, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the United Autoworkers (UAW), pacifists, the NAACP, the Urban League, the first Freedom Ride, the Journey of Reconciliation, Jim Farmer, the African Studies Association (ASA), Gwen Carter, the Bureau on African Affairs, Tom Mboya, the Council on African Affairs, Soapy Williams, Julius Nyerere, Tanganyika African National Union (TANU), Sylvanus Olympio, the Kenya Federation of Labor, George Meany, Walter Reuther, Kenneth Kaunda, Joshua Nkomo, the Central African Federation, Kanyama Chiume, Hastings Banda, Town Hall in New York, Hunter College, Roy Wilkins, George Shepherd, the John Haynes Holmes House, Lydia Zemba, Trevor Huddleston, the Bantu Education Act, St. Peters school, Walter Reuther, the United Nations (UN), the All African People's Conferences, Patrice Lumumba, Michael Scott, Alfred Hutchinson, Mary Louise Hooper, Ezekiel Mphahlele, Homer Jack, Peter Weiss, Kasavubu, the Cold War, Yazid, Chanderli, the Algerian war, the FLN, Eduardo Mondlane, FRELIMO, Amilcar Cabral, PAIGC, Holden Roberto, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), Polisario, the Sharpeville Massacre, the Pan-Africanist Congress, Oliver Tambo, Nelson Mandela, the CIA, Barros Necaca, the Union of the People of Northern Angola (UPNA), UPA, GRAE, the MPLA, the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU), Victor Reuther, Sekou Toure, Kwame Nkrumah, the African Liberation Support Committee (ALSC), the American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa, Ted Brown, SNCC (Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), American Society of African Culture (AMSAC), Dorothy Height, the National Council of Negro Women, the Convention People's Party, Roger Baldwin, the ALCU, Bob Browne, the Southwest African People's Organization (SWAPO), the State Department, the African American Institute (AAI), and Herb Shore.
This interview was conducted as research for the book No Easy Victories: African Liberation and American Activists over a Half Century, 1950-2000. With assistance of Aluka (aluka.org), the interview was transcribed and prepared for presentation on the web. The transcript was reviewed by the interviewee, and an introduction was prepared by one of the editors of No Easy Victories. The transcript also is available on the No Easy Victories website.
Used by permission of William Minter, Editor, No Easy Victories.