APARTHEID UNDER SIEGE: The U.S. and South Africa - 1985

by Africa News Service
with Mike Fleshman, Jim Cason, Anne Newman, Jimi Matthews, Peter Magubane, Erin Sweeney
Durham, North Carolina, United States
36 pages
Type: Pamphlet
Coverage in Africa: Angola, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States, Cuba, Russian Federation, United Nations
Language: English
Contents: The U.S. Debate on Apartheid • THE ADMINISTRATION • Reagan: No Change Despite Pressure • High-Tech Sales on the Increase • Crocker: Sanctions Will Not Help • U.S. Assistance for South Africa • Fourie: Reagan's Policy a 'Sane Approach' • THE CONGRESS • Apartheid Bill Proliferate in 1985 • Divestment vs. Disinvestment • SIGNS OF THE TIMES: AMERICANS RESPOND TO APARTHEID • Free South Africa Movement • Universities • Labor • Churches • Foundations • Cities and States • THE COMPANIES • A Survey of Key American Investors • Chart: The Top U.S. Firms • Investors on the Offensive • The Sullivan Principles • Resources • The pamphlet discusses Chief Mangosuthu Gatsha Buthelezi, the KwaZulu homeland, Clifton Wharton, Jr., pressure on Pretoria, loans, Secretary of State George Shultz, foreign investment, capital-intensive growth, Phelps-Stokes Fund President Franklin Williams, Oliver Tambo, the African National Congress (ANC), Democratic and Republican senators, the Council on Foreign Relations, Jerry Dunfey of the Dunfey Hotel chain, Mfanafuti Makatini, Assistant Secretary of State Chester Crocker, daily demonstrations at the South African embassy in Washington, Krugerrand dealers, protests, arrests, ABC's "Nightline", demonstrators who had been killed by South African police in Uitenhage, campuses, the Congressional Black Caucus (CBC), Rep. Mickey Leland, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the State Department, the Nkomati Accord, Ford Motor Company, Marion Smoak, Americans for President Reagan's Foreign Policy, the National Security Council (NSC), the Africa Bureau, Phil Ringdahl, Fred Wettering, the CIA, the National Intelligence Officer for Africa, Samora Machel, Cuban troops, the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), Theo-Ben Gurirab, the Kissinger era, constructive engagement, the Southern African Development Coordinating Conference (SADCC), leading U.S. exports to South Africa, computers, aircraft, the Mozambican Resistance Movement (MNR), Ambassador Brand Fourie, UNITA, the People's Liberation Army of Namibia, the State Department's Office of Munition Control, South Africa’s banks, automatic teller machines (ATMs), Barclays, Standard Bank, the UN arms embargo, Ambassador Donald McHenry, President Carter, the Reagan administration, William Robinson, export licenses, Harry De Maio, IBM, Anti-Apartheid Act of 1985, Rep. Gray, HR 501, Rep. Howard Berman, HR 1133, Rep. Charles Rangel, transfers of nuclear equipment and technology, exports to the police and military, the munitions list, the Commerce Department, the Carter administration, the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, General Accounting Office, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), the Koeberg nuclear power plant.. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense Stephen Bryen, Digital Equipment Corporation, a VAX 11/782 computer, an oil embargo, synthetic fuels, RENAMO, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), AFL-CIO's African-American Labor Center (AALC), the Soviet Union, Jonas Savimbi, Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Richard Lugar, Rep. Howard Wolpe, the House Africa subcommittee, Sen. Nancy Landon Kassebaum, the Senate Africa subcommittee, Sen. William Proxmire, Edward Kennedy, Lowell Weicker, Budget Committee Chairman William Gray. HR l460, software, Rep. Howard Berman, Rep. Ronald Dellums, HR 997, landing rights, tax credits and deductions for U.S. firms, Walter Fauntroy, Rep. Robert Walker, Newt Gingrich, Vin Weber, International Human Dignity and Opportunity Act of 1985, HR 1595, the Clark Amendment, Robert Dole, loans to the South African government, South African Airways, scholarships, Ellen Kirby, the Women's Division of the United Methodist Church, the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Artists and Athletes Against Apartheid, TransAfrica, Walter E. Fauntroy, Mary Frances Berry, Randall Robinson, Willard Johnson, the NAACP, the Urban League, Joseph Lowery, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Rep, Charles Hayes, Rev. Jesse Jackson, Amy Carter, Lane Kirkland, Episcopal Bishop John E. Walker, Stevie Wonder, Deak-Perera, Best Products stores, David Scott, Coretta Scott King, John Gould, the UN Security Council, Crossroads squatter camp, Elliot Abrams, Bess Ellinger, Columbia University, the Coalition for a Free South Africa, Rolls Royce Inc., Samuel Higginbottom, Nelson Mandela, Winnie Mandela, Michael Sovern, Joshua Nessen, the American Committee on Africa (ACOA), United Auto Workers (UAW), the Federation of South African Trade Unions (FOSATU), the Amalgamated Clothing and Textile Workers' Union (ACTWU), John Hudson, Tidwell Industries, the New York Area Labor Committee Against Apartheid, the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME), the Council of Unions of South Africa, the Commercial Catering and Allied Workers Union, Local 10 of the International Longshore Workers' Union (lLWU), the South African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU), GM (General Motors), Don Stillman, Leo Robinson, the ICFTU, the Chemical Workers Industrial Union, F1uor Corporation, the United Mine Workers, the Teamsters, the Oil, Chemical and Atomic Workers Union (OCAWU), NCNB, the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility (ICCR), General Electric, Mobil, Newmont Mining, Texaco, Roman Catholic bishops, the United Church of Christ (UCC), the American Lutheran Church, the Lutheran Church in America, Lutheran World Federation, Rev. Robert Seymour, the New World Founation, David Ramage, Investor Responsibility Research Center, David Hauck, Robert Zevin, U.S. Trust Company, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation, Colgate-Palmolive, Gillette, Kellogg, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Motorola, Nabisco, Pepsi Cola, Pizza Inn, Union Carbide, United Technologies, Wang, Johnson & Johnson, Burroughs, Control Data Corp., AECI, the Atomic Energy Board, the Industrial Development Corp., ICL, Barlow Rand, the South African Coal, Oil and Gas Corp. Ltd. (SASOL), Mossel Bay, Securities and Exchange Commission, Anglo American Corp., the South Africa Motor Corp. (SAMANCOR), gold, the Bank for International Settlements, J.P. Morgan, the Bank of Boston, Chase Manhattan, BankAmerica, First Chicago, Manufacturers Hanover, Bankers Trust, Security Pacific, Leon Sullivan, Fieldcor Inc., National City Corp, NBD Bancorp Inc., the Chamber of Mines, American Chamber of Commerce in South Africa, and Chris Heunis.
Used by permission of staff of allAfrica.com (formerly Africa News).
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root