Re: The Rhodesian Crisis

by George M. Houser, American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
Undated, about April 1966
Publisher: American Committee on Africa
1 page
Type: Memorandum
Coverage in Africa: South Africa, Zimbabwe
Coverage outside Africa: United States, Portugal, United Kingdom, United Nations
Language: English
The memorandum says the crisis brought about by the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) in Rhodesia has again reached the critical point; the basis for the new phase has been triggered by the widely publicized resolution of' the April 9th Security Council meeting which authorized the United Kingdom to use force if necessary to atop oil tankers from discharging their cargo in Mozambique for transshipment to Rhodesia through the pipeline; up to this point action by the Security Council had called only for voluntary economic sanctions by member states. The memorandum says the possibility has been opened up for action against any countries involved in trade with Rhodesia, though at this point, only oil is in question; this means that, by extending the principle that has already been adopted, action can be taken by member States of the U.N. against South Africa and Portugal, if they continue trading with Rhodesia. The memorandum says Rhodesia depends on oil for only 27 percent of her domestic power; the bulk of Rhodesia's power needs come from coal, of which Rhodesia has vast resources. The memorandum says effective action, in which the role of the U.S. is crucial, must be taken; Americans who feel deeply that the continued existence of a minority white regime in Rhodesia represents a threat to the peace must make their opinions known to their government. The memorandum discusses the U.N. Participation Act, Congress, Chapter 7 of the U.N. Charter, and American private companies trading with Rhodesia.
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: George M. Houser (Africa collection), Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections