by American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
Undated, April or May 1964?
3 pages
Type: Memorandum
Coverage in Africa: South Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States, United Kingdom, United Nations
Language: English
The memorandum calls attention a critical situation due to the detention, trial and conviction, or possible conviction, of determined opponents of apartheid. In March, three leaders of the African National Congress (ANC) from the Eastern Cape Provide were condemned to death on charges of sabotage: Vuyisile Mini, Zinakele Mkaba, and Wilson Khayinga. On April 7, in the separate Rivonia trial, the case for the defense began their arguments to try to save the lives of the accused nine leaders of the opposition to apartheid, including Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu, two top leaders of the ANC. Mini, Kmaba, and Khayinga were accused of 17 acts of sabotage between September 1962 and January 1963. The memorandum discusses Minister of Justice Mr. B.J. Vorster, the House of Assembly, the African Dockworkers Union, treason, Unkhonto we Sizwe, the Unlawful Organisations Act, the Riotous Assemblies Act, Suppression of Communism Act, Public Safety Act, and General Law Amendment Act, International Commission of Jurists, the UN General Assembly, Robert Sobukwe, the Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC), the Sharpeville pass laws protest, Robben Island prison, policemen, solitary confinement, prison officials, and 90-day detainees. • TWO IMMEDIATELY URGENT CASES • Three African Leaders Given the Death Sentence • The Rivonia Trial • THE LAWS INVOLVED • UN ACTION ON POLITICAL PRISONERS [Note on date: Mini, Mkaba, and Khayinga were convicted in March 1964 and executed in November 1964.]
Used by permission Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root