Contents: NAMIBIA: IS SOUTH AFRICA PLAYING FOR TIME? • FINE POINTS IN FINE PRINT: WESTERN PROPOSALS AND AFRICAN RESPONSE • CONTACT GROUP NON-PAPER • REVISED CONTACT GROUP PROPOSAL (EXCERPTS) • REAGAN WATCH: US POLICY ON NAMIBIA • PROFILE ON PEOPLE: THEO-BEN GURIRAB • The people of Namibia (South West Africa) have been struggling against colonial occupation and oppression for nearly 100 years; first, against the German colonial rulers and then, following World War I, South African has abused the League of Nations mandate to “protect” the country, exploiting both the labor of Namibian people and the vast mineral wealth. in 1966 the United Nations withdrew the mandate, and later the World Court ruled that South Africa s presence in Namibia was illegal, but South Africa has refused to leave. Since 1966, the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) has fought to overthrow South Africa s control in Namibia. The Namibian conflict has become a major international issue, with the UN working toward an internationally acceptable solution. In 1978, UN Security Council Resolution 435 called for free elections and self-determination in Namibia. The Western Contact Group (US, Great Britain, France, Germany, and Canada) and the African Frontline States (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe) have attempted to negotiate a settlement. South Africa, however, has not moved. An interview by Randall Robinson with former UN Ambassador Donald F. McHenry discussed the Namibia issue; McHenry coordinated the Contact Group effort when he was Ambassador. The newsletter mentions Secretary of State Alexander Haig, Assistant Secretary of State Chester Crocker, Rhodesia, apartheid, the arms embargo, the Cape route, the UN Conference on Namibia, a Constituent Assembly, the Universal Declaration on Human Rights, universal suffrage, the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the Reagan administration, the Clark Amendment, UNITA leader Jonas Savimbi, Sam Nujoma, and South African invasions.
Used by permission of TransAfrica Forum.
Collection: George M. Houser (Africa collection), Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections