The pamphlet, which commemorates the tenth anniversary of the Sharpeville massacre, discusses the "Portuguese" territories where Africans are not only deprived of basic rights but are brutally exploited for the profit of the Portuguese ruling class and their allies.
In Mozambique, African men are 'sold' to recruiters from South African, where U.S. and British corporations have big interests in the mines. The pamphlet discusses the South African government policy of sending urban Africans back to the reserves or "Bantustans." In this 13% of the country's most arid land, average annual income is $36 and malnutrition and starvation are common. In South West Africa (Namibia), which is illegally controlled by South Africa, only one-fifth of African children attend school and then seldom for more than two years. Blacks there live in areas called police zones, and permanent African settlements are illegal, making it almost impossible for Africans to organize themselves against the white oppressors. South Africa plays the key role in bringing the white-run countries together against the forces of black Africa. South African troops help guard the Zimbabwe border against the guerrillas coming from Zambia, two battalions are fighting with Portuguese troops against the liberation movement in Mozambique, and South Africans operate helicopters for the Portuguese in Angola. The pamphlet says in Namibia U.S. corporations are against the freedom fighters; two huge U.S. corporations, Newmont Mining and AMAX, own their own town of Tsumeb. More than 450 U.S. corporations operate in South Africa, including G.E., Ford, and G.M. The pamphlet discusses ANC (African National Congress), SWAPO (South West African People's Organization), MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola), Agostinho Neto, FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front), Gulf Oil, Eduardo Mondlane, Cabora Bassa, PAIGC (African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde), Amilcar Cabral, Richard Nixon, James Byrnes, John Foster Dulles, Bobby Seale, Fred Hampton, the Black Panther Party, and ZAPU (Zimbabwe African People's Union). It includes a verse sung by school children in the liberated villages of Guinea-Bissau. The pamphlet quotes from South African Prime Minister H.F. Verwoerd’s January 1963 speech before Parliament, the Freedom Charter in 1955, and the Wall Street Journal. It includes a photograph of Sharpeville on March 21, 1960 when police fired on Africans protesting the pass laws. It also includes an excerpt of Section 5 (1) (b) of the Bantu Administration Act. Contents: 21 MARCH 1960 • 10 YEARS LATER • Background • LIFE UNDER APARTHEID • IMPERIALISM • Armed Struggle • THE HEROIC GUERRILLA FIGHTER • PORTUGAL: AMERIKA'S NATO FRIEND • PEOPLE'S ARMY….PEOPLE'S WAR • corporations • u.s. government • RACISM: U.S.A. • THE CONCLUSION IS ONLY THE BEGINNING [Note: a piece of pages 5 and 6 has been cut out.]
Used by permission of Danny Schechter, Sam Barnes and Robert Maurer, former members of Africa Research Group.
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root