ANGOLA Repression and Revolt in Portuguese Africa
by Homer A. Jack, American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
American Committee on Africa
The pamphlet discusses three categories of African labor in Angola: obligatory labor, contract labor, and voluntary labor (voluntdrio). The British-owned Benguela railroad taps the rich Katanga ore fields of the Congo and runs through Angola to the South Atlantic port of Lobito. In 1954, Diamang had 11,000 free workers and 4,000 forced workers. The pamphlet discusses the Portuguese Colonization Fund, Norton de Matos, African National League (Liga Nacional Africana), Union of the Peoples of Northern Angola which was renamed the Union of the Populations of Angola (UPA), Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (Movimento Popular de Libertacao de Angola, MPLA), the African Party of Independence of Guinea (Partido Africano da Independencia da Guine), the Movement for the National Independence of Angola (Movimento Para a Independencia Nacional de Angola), the Anti-Colonialist Movement (Movimento Anti-Colonialista), the Revolutionary African Front for the National Independence of the Portuguese Colonies (Frente Revolucionaria Africana Para a Independencia Nacional das Colonias Portuguesas, FRAIN), Captain Henrique Galvāo, coffee, cotton, sugar, diamonds, and oil. The pamphlet includes quotes of James Duffy, John Gunther, Antonio Salazar, Basil Davidson, Senhor Henrique Galvao, Lord Hailey, Vasco dá Gama, Union of the Populations of Angola, and President Dwight Eisenhower. Contents: INTRODUCTION • Slavery-Old and New • Portuguese Colonial Policy • Colonial Administration • The Un-assimilated: The Few and the Many • Economics • Forced Labor • Population Movements • Education • Number of Schools, Teachers and Students in 1954 • Health • Religion • Racism • Oppression • African Nationalism • Portugal Before the U.N. • Conclusion • What Americans Can Do About Angola • Acknowledgements • REFERENCES • Publications of the AMERICAN COMMITTEE ON AFRICA • AFRICA TODAY PAMPHLETS • OTHER PAMPHLETS PUBLISHED BY ACOA • AFRICA TODAY • PAMPHLETS FROM ABROAD
Used by permission Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root