Notes and Documents
(Special Issue)
by National Council of Churches of Christ of the United States of America, Centre Against Apartheid
with Leslie O. Harriman
New York, New York, United States
December 1977
Publisher: United Nations
16 pages
The report includes a preface by Leslie O. Harriman, Chairman, Special Committee against Apartheid. The statement says independent African States in the region, including Zambia, Tanzania, Botswana, Mozambique and Angola, are adversely affected because of their economic, political, cultural, and geographical relationships with Namibia, South Africa and Southern Rhodesia; African liberation movements are waging guerrilla struggles in Zimbabwe and Namibia, and small scale underground guerrilla actions are increasingly evident in South Africa; and Christians are committed to work for justice and the liberation of people everywhere. The statement says since the Nationalist Party came to power in 1948, the notion of white supremacy has become increasingly institutionalized in the system of apartheid. The statement says Manufacturers Hanover Trust, Bank of America, Chase Manhattan, First National City Bank of Chicago, Continental, Bank of Illinois, Citibank and Morgan Guaranty Trust are the major American banks which have made loans to South Africa. The statement says United States duplicity on southern Africa was clearly spelled out in a secret study, National Security Study Memorandum 39 (NSSM39), prepared for the National Security Council and signed by Henry Kissinger in 1969. The statement discusses the Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI), the ANC (African National Congress), the Pan Africanist Congress (PAC), the South African Students Organization (SASO), Sharpeville, the Black People's Convention (BPC), the South West African People's Organization (SWAPO), the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU), the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU), Mobil, Caltex, IBM, Tsumeb Corporation, Newmont Mining Corporation, AMAX, Union Carbide, FRELIMO, MPLA, and United Nation Security Council Resolution 385 (1976). • PREFACE • POLICY STATEMENT OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES OF CHRIS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ON SOUTHERN AFRICA [Adopted by the NCC Governing Board on 10 November 1977] • INTRODUCTION • THEOLOGICAL CONTEXT • HISTORY • (1) European colonization • (2) Subsequent white rule • SOME SPECIFICS OF THE CURRENT SITUATION • (1) Namibia • (2) South Africa • (3) Zimbabwe • THE ROLE OF THE LIBERATION MOVEMENTS • THE UNITED STATES' RELATIONSHIP TO SOUTHERN AFRICA • (1) History • (2) Churches • (3) Economics • (a) Banks • (b) Oil • (c) Technology • UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT POLICY • AFFIRMATIONS • (1) Liberation • (2) Majority rule • (3) Self-determination • (4) Racial justice • (5) Human rights • Declarations • 1. Namibia • 2. South Africa • 3. Zimbabwe • 4. United Nations Decade for Action to Combat Racism