End of the First Phase in Angola: A Report on Zambia's Position
Excerpted from a Letter by Bill Sutherland, AFSC Southern Africa Representative
by Bill Sutherland, American Friends Service Committee
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
About late February or March 1976
American Friends Service Committee
A letter by Bill Sutherland excerpted in this report discusses the Zambian declaration of a state of emergency. Among the causes was the stated threat from roving armed bands across the border who, according to sources, were groups from the Chipenda faction fleeing before the MPLA. Kaunda talked about marauding tigers and cubs (perhaps referring to the Soviet Union and Cuba?). The letter says Zambians who feel that their own welfare is being sacrificed to Zimbabwean and other freedom fighters call for opening the Rhodesia border. Sutherland discusses Vorster and Kissinger. He also discusses a meeting in Mozambique between President Kaunda, President Machel, President Khama, and President Nyerere. The main outcome of that meeting was to warn South Africa on its parliamentary act declaring its right to invade any country south of the Sahara to pursue freedom fighters; the presidents asserted that South Africa would be crushed if it attempted this. Sutherland also discusses Watergate and the CIA.
Used by permission of American Friends Service Committee.
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root