SOUTHERN AFRICA AND UNITED STATES POLICY
by Washington Office on Africa
Washington, DC, United States
February 16, 1973
Contents: SANCTIONS AGAINST RHODESIA • FAIR EMPLOYMENT PRACTICES IN SOUTH AFRICA • REVOKING THE SOUTH AFRICAN SUGAR QUOTA • UNITED STATES SUPPORT FOR PORTUGAL • UNITED STATES RECOGNITION OF GUINEA BISSAU • ACTION SUGGESTIONS • This report on issues before the Congress includes the following: 1) United Nations economic sanctions against Rhodesia and efforts to overturn Congress’ vote in 1971 to exempt strategic minerals from U.S. compliance with these sanctions; 2) a bill by Representative Charles Diggs that would to make fair employment practices by U. S. businesses in South Africa and Namibia a criterion for U.S. government contracts to those countries; 3) making a case for revoking the quota for imports of sugar from South Africa, on the grounds that South African is ineligible under the terms of the law; 4) concern about the U.S. agreement for the U.S. to give Portugal $435 million in aid in order to get use of the base on the Azores; and 5) the possibility of organizing support for a declaration of independence by the National Assembly of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. The memorandum says in 1971 the first vote was taken in Congress on United States policy toward South Africa, Namibia (South West Africa), Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) and the Portuguese colonies of Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea Bissau. The memorandum says we have come a long way in this short time; here have been seven votes in the Senate and three in the House on the South African sugar quota, sanctions against Rhodesia, and United States support for Portuguese colonialism through the Azores base agreement. The memorandum says although we have not yet succeed in passing any legislation supportive to the African majority in its striving for self-determination, each vote lessens our margin of 1oss, and victory may come soon. The memorandum discusses President Nixon, human rights, the illegal Smith regime, the United States Congress, the United Nations, mandatory sanctions, chrome, ferrochrome, nickel, strategic minerals, the Rhodesian-Zambian border, Zambian copper, corporations, Congressman Diggs, equal pay for equal work, Black Americans, African Liberation Day, the boycott against Gulf, the International Longshoremen's Association, the Sugar Act, the Agriculture Department, colonial wars, Amilcar Cabral, and the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PIAGC).
Used by permission of the Washington Office on Africa.
Collection: Brenda Randolph Africa archive, Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections