REPORT OF THE CHAIRMAN OF THE WORLD PEACE BRIGADE FOR NONVIOLENT ACTION

by A.J. Muste, Jayaprakash Narayan, Michael Scott, World Peace Brigade
New York, New York, United States
May 1962
8 pages
Contents: Recent Developments • Direct Action • Training Center • Personnel • The report says at the Brumana Conference which established the World Peace Brigade for Nonviolent Action on January 1, 1962, concern was expressed about the struggle for political and economic freedom in Central and South Africa and its impact on world peace. It was agreed that exploring the possible application on nonviolent methods to this situation should be one of the first activities of the World Peace Brigade. So, Sidharaj Daddha, an Indian delegate to the conference, made contacts on a trip through Africa with Kenneth Kaunda, head of UNIP (United National Independence Party of Northern Rhodesia), Julius Nyerere of Tanganyika, and others. Early in February, Michael Scott, Bill Sutherland, and Bayard Rustin also went to Africa on behalf of the Brigade. All four attended the Addis Ababa conference of PAFNECA (now Pan African Freedom Movement for East, Central and Southern Africa) on February 2-10, 1962. They found that many delegates were disposed to advocate resorting to violence, from frustration over postponement of independence, the seeming failure of nonviolence to cope with the apartheid regime in South Africa, and bitterness over terrorism practiced by vested political and economic interests in many parts of Africa. There are projects for training refugees from various countries in sabotage and guerilla warfare.  The struggle in relation to the Rhodesias may well determine the future of this region of Africa. The report mentions a training center in nonviolence, Gandhian ideas, Dar es Salaam, mineral deposits, TANU (Tanganyika African National Union), Randhi Thaker, Sir Roy Welensky, a rally at Mbeya, Sarva Seva Sangh, Prime Minster Kawawa, Mununka, M. Koinango, Makasa, mass noncooperation, recruiting volunteers (from Asia, India, Great Britain, Germany, Italy, Norway, France, Holland, Denmark, Sweden, and Israel), Abbe Pierre, Danilo Dolci. Martin Niemuller, Albert Bigelow, James Farmer, Norman Hill, James Baldwin, John Stonehouse, Fenner Brockway, André Trocmé, Patrick Duncan, Alan Payton, Guy Clutton-Brock, an election, Suresh Ram, Kivukomi College, J.P. Narayan, cabinet ministers, and the movement for independence. [Note: AFA is presumably Africa Freedom Action.]
Collection: Winifred Courtney Collection, National Archives of Namibia