THE CASE FOR SANCTIONS AGAINST THE REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA
by Winifred Courtney, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
New York, New York, United States
March 18, 1962
Contents: African States Want Sanctions • The Call for Sanctions • Is the Consumer Boycott Enough? • Does the U.N. Charter permit the use of economic sanctions? • Have collective sanctions on the part of nations ever been made to work? • Warn South Africa • The document says in the 15th and the 16th sessions of the United Nations General Assembly, a resolution was put forward by the African states and some Asian states asking governments to consider the invoking of sanctions against South Africa for its apartheid policies. This year's resolution, passed in the U.N. Special Political Committee by 55-26 with 20 abstentions, also invited consideration "of the continued membership of the Republic of South Africa in the United Nations" with a view to expulsion. African leaders in South Africa such as Chief Luthuli, Oliver Tambo and Duma Nokwe, all former officials of the now banned African National Congress, as well as Alan Paton, most prominent of the white liberals, Michael Scott, and the group of South West African exiles who plead to the United Nations, have urged economic pressure on South Africa from abroad. However, in the United States, the American Committee on Africa found that, although the U.S. imports nearly 10% of South Africa's total exports, none except South African lobster tails and caracul coats are readily identifiable as South African. Raw wool, diamonds, copper, and other strategic minerals make up the bulk of U.S. imports. So, to be effective, economic measures must be governmental sanctions forbidding imports from South Africa and exports to South Africa of goods it needs. The document discusses diplomatic relations, ports, ships flying the South African flag, interracial conflict, the British Commonwealth, Harry Oppenheimer, the Progressive Party, "self-governing Bantustans," profit, labor conditions, U.S. companies, the Security Council, Cuba, Sharpeville, Hyman M. Basner, and the WILPF U.S. Section Policy Committee.
Collection: Winifred Courtney Collection, National Archives of Namibia