United Mine Workers of America
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Duration: 1980-current (Africa solidarity mostly 1974-1980s)
Location: Fairfax, Virginia, United States
The United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) was founded in 1890. It members mine coal in the U.S. In 1974 UMWA began a campaign against the importation of coal from South Africa. A major target was the Southern Company, a utility company, which planned significant imports of coal from South Africa. In the 1980s UMWA was involved with the Free South Africa Movement in a Boycott Shell campaign.