Shipping Research Bureau

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Duration: 1980 - 1995
Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands


The Shipping Research Bureau (SRB) was founded in 1980 by Komitee Zuidelijk Afrika (KZA, Holland Committee on Southern Africa) and the Working Group Kairos, two Dutch anti-apartheid groups that were active in the campaign for the withdrawal of Shell from South Africa and the promotion of national and international oil embargoes against the apartheid regime. The SRB monitored violations of the oil embargo against South Africa by tracking the movement of oil tankers. The SRB pressured oil companies, transporters, and oil producing states to end sales and deliveries of oil to South Africa. The SRB also pressured national governments and international bodies to adopt relevant measures such legislation banning the involvement of their nationals and companies in the oil trade with South Africa. Two European countries, Denmark and Norway, adopted laws banning the transport of crude oil from anywhere in Danish/Norwegian tankers. SRB produced numerous reports on oil deliveries and the companies and countries involved. The United Nation General Assembly adopted resolutions in support of an oil embargo and in 1986 established Intergovernmental Group to Monitor the Supply and Shipping of Oil and Petroleum Products to South Africa. The SRB played a key role in providing information to the Intergovernmental Group to Monitor the Supply and Shipping of Oil and Petroleum Products to South Africa. Directors of the SRB included Janwillem Rouweler (1981-1985), Jaap Woldendorp (1985-1991) and Richard Hengeveld (1991ff). Hengeveld was research co-director 1985-1991. The SRB continued its work in support of the oil embargo until the end of sanctions and the lifting of the embargo in 1993. SRB continued until the publication of the book Embargo: Apartheid's Oil Secrets Revealed(1995: Amsterdam University Press). In 1999 the SRB Foundation was liquidated. (Source: Richard Hengeveld and items on this website.)

Organizational Archive


Title: Shipping Research Bureau
Time Span: 1980 - 1991
Media: 25 meters
Description: The Shipping Research Bureau (SRB) was founded in 1980 by the Komitee Zuidelijk Afrika (KZA), (Holland Committee on Southern Africa) and the Werkgroep Kairos (Working Group Kairos), two Dutch anti-apartheid groups that were active in the campaign for the withdrawal of Shell from South Africa and the promotion of national and international oil embargoes against the apartheid regime; the SRB monitored violations of the oil embargo against South Africa by tracking the movement of oil tankers; the SRB pressured oil companies, transporters, and oil producing states to end sales and deliveries of oil to South Africa; the SRB also pressured national governments and international bodies to adopt relevant measures such legislation banning the involvement of their nationals and companies in the oil trade with South Africa; two European countries, Denmark and Norway, adopted laws banning the transport of crude oil from anywhere in Danish/Norwegian tankers; SRB produced numerous reports on oil deliveries and the companies and countries involved; the United Nation General Assembly adopted resolutions in support of an oil embargo and in 1986 established Intergovernmental Group to Monitor the Supply and Shipping of Oil and Petroleum Products to South Africa; the SRB played a key role in providing information to the Intergovernmental Group to Monitor the Supply and Shipping of Oil and Petroleum Products to South Africa; directors of the SRB included Janwillem Rouweler (1981-1985), Jaap Woldendorp (1985-1991) and Richard Hengeveld (1991ff). A complete set of SRB publications are available the University of the Western Cape-Robben Island Mayibuye Archive in Cape Town.
Housed At: International Institute of Social History
Location: Address for visitors: Cruquiusweg 31, 1019 AT Amsterdam Correspondence address: P.O. Box 2169, 1000 CD Amsterdam, Netherlands
Catalog/Finding Aid: view
Phone: + 31 20 6685866
Reference Email: info@iisg.nl
Related Website: http://www.iisg.nl/