Duration: 1975 - Present Location: New York, New York, United States
The Patrice Lumumba Coalition (PLC) was founded in 1975 to support Angolans' right to self-determination. PLC, an African-American origination, took its name from the first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo who was assassinated in 1961. The organization was especially active in supporting African liberation movements including the African National Congress (South Africa), SWAPO (Namibia), MPLA (Angola), FRELIMO (Mozambique) and ZANU (Zimbabwe). Elombe Brath, a long-time activist and Pan-Africanist, was chairman. PLC was active throughout the New York area, especially in Harlem, where it was based. PLC had a Los Angeles chapter. PLC held regular forums in Harlem. PLC was active in the sports and cultural boycott of South Africa. In 1977 PLC was a key member of a coalition that led a highly successful boycott of the South African musical, Ipi Tombe. PLC was involved in numerous coalitions that came together to organize demonstrations and other events. PLC and Elombe Brath worked with a broad range of organizations across the United States, and Brath traveled and spoke widely.