Congress of Racial Equality

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All (13) | Documents (5) | Photographs (8)

Duration: 1942 - current (Africa solidarity work 1953 - first half of the 1960s)
Location: New York, New York, United States


The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded in 1942 as a civil rights organization in Chicago, Illinois. At some time CORE moved its office to New York, New York. CORE was one of the "Big Four" civil rights organizations, along with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Among the founders were James Farmer and George M. Houser.  CORE and the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR) initiated Americans for South Africa Resistance in the about 1953 to support the Defiance Campaign Against Unjust Laws initiated by the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa. In 1955 Houser became Executive Director of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA). In 1963 CORE and ACOA organized a picket line at a ship carrying goods from South Africa at a shipyard in Brooklyn. In 1968 after Roy Innes took over leadership of CORE the organization changed direction. In the mid-1970s CORE was involved in recruiting mercenaries for UNITA in Angola which was also supported by the CIA and apartheid South Africa. (Source: CORE documents and photographs on this website; other documents on this website including: Bulletin: Americans for South African Resistance, Americans for South African Resistance, February 13, 1953; African Freedom Day, American Committee on Africa, April 17, 1961; Angola Weekly News Summary, MPLA Solidarity Committee, February 19, 1976; and CIA-SUPPLIED MERCENARIES FIGHT IN ANGOLA, Washington Office on Africa, early February 1976; and the Wikipedia description of CORE accessed July 5, 2014.)