Africans are paid poverty wages – the average weekly wage for an African farm worker is 4.2 Rand (£2.80). Whites earn from five times more than Africans in manufacturing industries up to 20 times more in agriculture. Average earnings per household in 1975 (as ratios) were whites 100, Coloureds and Asians 33-50, Africans 11-12. Al the dangerous and hard work is done by Africans. In 30 years, 19,000 workers died from accidents in the mines – 93% were Africans.
Racial discrimination operates in all fields of employment. The law, employers, the government and white trade unions keep whites in all the top jobs and keep the unskilled work for Blacks. Black workers are largely excluded from wage negotiations. African trade unions are not recognized by law, their organisers are harassed, restricted, and banned by the authorities. Strikes by Africans are effectively illegal.
Poster about job reservation and restrictions on the right of African workers to organize under apartheid. This poster is one of a set of five designed for the Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM) by David King. Others in the series focused on Land, Education, Health & Housing and Law & Order.
Used by permission of David King and the Anti-Apartheid Movement Archives Committee.
Collection: Anti-Apartheid Movement Archives, Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House, Oxford University, Oxford, UK