We Salute the Women

We Salute the Women

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Undated, 1980s?
Type: Button
Coverage in Africa: South Africa
Language: English
This button has the images of three famous women: Lillian Ngoyi, Ruth First and Victoria Mxenge. All three women were leaders of the anti-apartheid struggle. Ngoyi, a leader of the African National Congress (ANC) Women's League, began her political activity by participating in the Defiance Campaign in 1952 and was among those charged in the Treason Trial (1956-1960). She died in 1980, never having gone into exile. First was a member of the South African Communist Party (SACP) which was aligned with the ANC. In 1963 during a government crackdown she was detained for 117 days and upon being released she and her husband, Joe Slovo, went into exile in London. In 1978 she became Director of the research training program at the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane in Mozambique where she continued to work against the apartheid regime. She was assassinated on August 17, 1982, when she opened a letter bomb that had been sent to her university. Mxenge, a prominent leader of the United Democratic Front (UDF) in Natal, was assassinated in 1985. More than 10,000 people attended her funeral. This button appears to date from the mid to late 1980s.
Collection: International Institute of Social History