Portugal in Africa

by American Committee on Africa
New York, New York
December 1968
8 pages
Contents: PORTUGAL IN AFRICA • PORTUGAL'S AFRICAN TERRITORIES • BACKGROUND • THE POLICE STATE APPARATUS • COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION • THE ECONOMY • LAND POLICY AND USE • LABOR • Wages • Migrant Labor • Social Services • EDUCATION • THE WARS OF LIBERATION • The Portuguese Response • NATO • The United States • UNITED NATIONS ACTION • UNITED STATES INVOLVEMENT • Trade • Loans • Investment • Oil Companies • POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS • BIBLIOGRAPHY • The pamphlet says Portugal is the last old-style colonial power in the world. The pamphlet says the Portuguese first made contact with the African peoples and states in her present territories in the fifteenth century, but did not control them administratively until after World War I. The pamphlet says the police state in the colonies is an extension of the police state in Portugal itself. The pamphlet discusses colonies, apartheid, the color line, non-self-governing territories, independence, Europeans, assimilados, the African population, Portuguese colonies, Premier Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, the 1951 Overseas Reform Act, the Overseas Council, Legislative Councils, the Governor General, Gestapo-like PIDE, raw materials, the new hydroelectric complex Cabora Bassa, European settlement, plantations, colonato, ordenamento, Mozambique labor, the mining industry in South Africa, the Witwatersrand Native Labor Association (WNLA), the American financier Charles W. Engelhard, life expectancy, the Revolutionary Government of Angola in Exile (GRAE), the National Front for the Liberation of Angola (FNLA), the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), the Mozambique Liberation Front (FRELIMO), the Mozambique Revolutionary Committee (COREMO), the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and the Cape Verde Islands (PAIGC), West Germany, the Commander of Allied Forces in Europe Lyman Lemnitzer, the U.S. Military Assistance Program, military equipment, international arms salesmen and pilots, Douglas B-26 Invader Bombers, the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the General Assembly, the Security Council, the UN Special Committee of 24 on Decolonization, tourism, Angola's exports, the Companhia Minero de Lobito e Sociedade Mineira do Lombige, the Export-Import Bank, Bank of America, Dillon Read and Company, Allis Chalmers, Firestone, General Tire and Rubber Company, Standard Electric of Portugal, Pfizer Laboratories, Singer Sewing Machines, Anglo-American Corporation, American capital, the Angola Diamond Company (DIAMMANG), Cabinda Gulf Oil Company, Mobil Oil, Texaco, the Pan American International Oil Company, Hunt International Petroleum Company, Sunray Mozambique Oil Company, Clark Mozambique Oil Company, Skelley Mozambique Oil Company, Caltex, Standard Oil of New Jersey, Esso Exploration, Inc., trade, loans, the Azores base, military and economic pressure, external makets, and the Defense and Aid Fund of the American Committee on Africa.
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Peter Weiss (Africa collection), Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections