Sanctions and the Struggle Against Apartheid in a Changing South Africa

by American Committee on Africa
New York, New York, United States
March 1990
11 pages
Type: Conference Presentation
Coverage in Africa: South Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States, Europe, France, Italy, Norway
Language: English
Paper presented by the American Committee on Africa at the International Workshop on Sanctions in Oslo, Norway on March 8-11, 1990. There have been many recent victories inside South Africa in the struggle to end apartheid and establish a democratic system. This changing situation also creates new organizational challenges for the African National Congress (ANC), the entire democratic movement, and the international solidarity movement. The movement will need to keep explaining the continued need for sanctions while simultaneously calling for expanding sanctions. The paper includes Excerpt from the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act on the ending of sanctions. The paper discusses Nelson Mandela, the Consultative Business Movement, Caltex Petroleum, Mobil, President Reagan, constructive engagement, Goodyear Tire & Rubber, licensing, franchising, distribution agreements, Guidelines for Divestment, Motorola, Merrill Lynch, Pyramid Technology, Mass Divest, the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986, the arms embargo, Rangel Amendment to the Budget Reconciliation Act of 1987, taxes, the Anti-Apartheid Amendments Act (HR.21), the South African Financial Sanctions for Democracy Act (HR. 3458), Vote for the People Campaign, Thabo Mbeki, the Group Areas Act, the Population Registration Act, negotiations, Congress, COSATU, the mass democratic movement, Coca-Cola, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, U.S. banks, conversion of outstanding loans inside the standstill to ten year exit loans outside the standstill, the Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, the Bank of New York, BankAmerica, Hewlett Packard, IBM, Unysis, Olivetti, Digital Equipment Corp., Memorex Telex N.V., Groupe Bull, Zenith Data Systems, DataTec, Apple, Lotus, Wang, Zenith, and PUBLIC LAW 99-440. • THE CHANGING POLITICAL SITUATION • SOUTH AFRICA'S ECONOMIC LINKS TO THE WORLD • SUCCESSFUL PRESSURE - HOW WE GOT HERE • State and Municipal Action • Legal Issues • U.S. Federal Sanctions • LOOKING TOWARDS THE FUTURE • 1. How do we keep up the pressure? • 2. Sanctions Until When? • 3. How often can you lift economic sanctions? • 4. How Many Exceptions? • FUTURE CAMPAIGNS • Financial Sanctions • Computers • CONCLUSION
This item was digitized for Aluka, which made it available to the African Activist Archive.
See: http://www.aluka.org/
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Africa Action Archive