Meeting Africa's Challenge - The Story of the American Committee on Africa

by George M. Houser
New York, New York, United States
Undated, early 1977
Publisher: American Committee on Africa
12 pages
Contents: QUIESCENT AFRICA • DYNAMIC AFRICA • MATURING AFRICA • AFRICA-THE UNFINISHED STRUGGLE • 1. US economic involvement in southern Africa • 2. Several campaigns were developed to isolate South Africa • 3. Africa Defense and Aid Fund activities • 4. The Africa Fund • 5. Legal cases in the US • 6. Washington action • 7. Boycott action on the docks • 8. Namibia action • AFTER THE PORTUGUESE COUP-THE LOOK AHEAD • The pamphlet is a reprint of an article about the history of the American Committee on Africa (ACOA). The pamphlet says the spark came from Bill Sutherland’s report that the African National Congress (ANC) was planning a non-violent campaign against unjust racial laws, which led to the formation of Americans for South African Resistance (AFSAR). The pamphlet says when ACOA was organized only four African countries were independent. The pamphlet says pressure was being put on the French by movements in Algeria, Tunisia and Morocco and the FLN was just launching its war for independence. The pamphlet says that the Mau Mau revolt was just beginning in Kenya and Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) in Tanganika was just getting organized. The pamphlet discusses various campaigns aimed against Chase Manhattan and First National City Bank loans to the South African government; Charles Englehard; Polaroid Corporation; South Africa's participation in the Olympics; and South African Airways; the "We So No to Apartheid" campaign to encourage artists, writers, and entertainers not to visit South Africa. The pamphlet discusses Rassemblement Democratique Africain (RDA) in French West Africa; the Convention Peoples Party (CPP) in Ghana; the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC); the Action Group in Nigeria; the Union of Populations of Cameroons (UPC); Julius Nyerere; Sylvanus Olympio, the first prime minister of independent Togo; Rev. Michael Scott who came representing Chief Hosea Kutako from Southwest Africa; Father Trevor Huddleston; Ja Toivo; Sam Nujoma; Jacob Kuhangua; the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO); Muhammed Yazid and A.K. Chanderli of the FLN of Algeria; Oliver Tambo, Walter Sisulu, and Y.A. Cachalia and the African National Congress (ANC); Patrice Lumumba and Thomas Kanza; Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana; Tom Mboya of Kenya; Kenneth Kaunda of the United National Independence Party of Northern Rhodesia/Zambia; H. Kamuzu Banda of Nysasland/Malawi; Amilcar Cabral and PAIGC; Eduardo Mondlane and FELIMO; ZANU, ZAPU and Zimbabwe, and MPLA, FLNA and UNITA and Angola; Rev. Donald Harrington; Charles Y. Trigg; John Gunther; Eleanor Roosevelt; Dean James Pik;, Martin Luther King, and A. Philip Randolph. [Notes: 1)This article originally appeared in ISSUE: A Quarterly Journal of Africanist Opinion, Volume VI, Numbers 2/3 Summer/Fall 1976, a publication of the African Studies Association. The Africa Fund Southern Africa Literature List 1977 says this version was published in 1977. 2) Toivo's name is often spelled Toivo ya Toivo.]
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Africa Action Archive