by William O. Brown, American Negro Leadership Conference on Africa
New York, New York, United States
January 1967
Type: Report
Coverage in Africa: South Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
Fact Sheet prepared for the Third Biennial National Leadership Conference held January 26-29, 1967 in Washington, D.C. The document says the basic aim of the Nationalist (or National) Party government in South Africa since 1948 has remained the security of the White populace. The historic separation of the races has been formalized and elevated into the creed of Apartheid, or separate development. According to the tenets of this creed, separation is essential to both the security of the Whites and advancement of the non-White groups. Proponents of Apartheid concede that during the past decade emphasis has been on the "negative" aspects of Apartheid, including the drive to eliminate non-Europeans, particularly Africans, from "White Areas" and to accelerate their disengagement from Whites in the educational, social, and political spheres of South African life. The attempt has been to prevent any form of "integration" and to assure "separateness." The claim of Apartheid is that the system affords autonomy to Africans. The report gives examples of major apartheid legislation adopted since 1948, including the Population Registration Act of 1950, the Group Areas Act of 1950, consolidation of the Pass Laws in 1952 (Act No. 67), Bantu Education Act of 1953, Extension of University Education Act of 1959, Separate Amenities Act of 1953, Prohibition of Mixed Marriage Act of 1949, Immorality Amendment Act of 1950, Bantu Authorities Act of 1951, Promotion of Bantu Self-Government Act of 1959, and the Suppression of Communism Act of 1950.
Collection: Private collection of Willard Johnson