TransAfrica News

(Vol. 6, No. 2)
by TransAfrica
Washington, DC, United States
Spring 1987
8 pages
Type: Newsletter
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
Contents: ANC BREAKTHROUGH • PUBLICATIONS OF NOTE • ADMINISTRATION UNDERMINES CONGRESSIONAL SANCTIONS • HAITI'S UNSTEADY STRUGGLE • ACTION ALERT • ANGOLA •  U.S. Support for UNITA: Irangate Funds? • U.S. Aid Transported Through Zaire • Chevron In Angola: A Thorn In U.S. Policy • MOZAMBIQUE • LEGISLATIVE UPDATE • Aid To SADCC • Comprehensive Economic Sanctions • Development Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa • Legislation To Oppose • SEMINAR: TRANSAFRICA FORUM HIGHLIGHTS BLACK WOMEN'S PERSEPCTIVES • CONFERENCE • On January 28, 1987, African National Congress (ANC) President Oliver Tambo met with U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz, despite strenuous right-wing opposition. Oliver Tambo met with U.S. policymakers, businessmen, religious leaders, and trade unionists. His itinerary included: a reception sponsored by the American Committee On Africa (ACOA) in New York; a dinner sponsored by the local Free South Africa Movement in Los Angeles (which raised $40,000 for the ANC); an honorary degree ceremony at Morehouse College in Atlanta; and a welcome to Chicago by Reverend Jesse Jackson and Mayor Harold Washington (who presented Mr. Tambo with the "key to the city"). The book “The Crisis in Zaire: Myths and Realities” by Nzongola Ntalaja is reviewed. As expected, the Reagan administration has done almost everything it can to hinder implementation of the 1986 Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act and interpret the bill's provisions in ways most favorable to the apartheid regime. The administration has  defined prescribed categories as narrowly as possible, sometimes even contradicting normal U.S. business usage. The ban on South African iron imports excludes ferroalloys, a crucial iron derivative; despite the act's prohibition of South African uranium imports, the Treasury Department claimed that Congress’ intent was unclear, and allowed such imports to continue until July 1, 1987. Ten other minerals, including chrome, platinum, and manganese, were exempted from sanctions through a ruling on their "strategic" importance. Although Congress clearly stated its desire to have the U.S. make a concerted effort to seek multilateral agreements on South Africa, the U.S. ambassador to the U.N. vetoed a Security Council resolution to have other nations match the limited sanctions imposed by Congress. Investigations resulting from the Irangate scandal revealed that funds from the Administration's arms sales have been funneled not only to the contras in Nicaragua, but also to the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). Jonas Savimbi, met in January 1986 with President Reagan and received a commitment of $15 million in covert military aid. The port of Beira in Mozambique is a source of vital economic growth for not only that country but also for the neighboring countries of Zimbabwe, Zambia and Botswana. 180 miles of dilapidated road, rail and pipeline form the corridor that can eventually revive the whole region and wean these landlocked countries from their economic dependence on South Africa. Congressman Bill Gray and Senators Ted Kennedy and Lowell Weicker are principal sponsors of H.R. 1034/S 475, which would provide $700 million to SADCC for five years. Congressman Howard Wolpe (D-MI) introduced H.R. 1199 to amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to authorize $600 million for famine recovery and long-term development assistance in sub-Saharan Africa from 1987 to 1992. Congressman William Dannemeyer introduced H.R. 340 to provide $27 million in military aid to UNITA; Congressman Bill McCollum introduced H.R. 1074 to impose comprehensive economic sanctions on Angola. Congressman Ron Dellums and Senator Alan Cranston are co-sponsoring H.R. 1153—a comprehensive sanctions bill against South Africa and Namibia. The newsletter mentions the South African Communist Party (SACP), Department of Transportation Secretary Elizabeth Dole, South African Airways (SAA), landing rights, Chevron Corporation, Cabinda Gulf Oil Company, the Marxist government of Angola, Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), John Stockwell, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), Lieutenant-Colonel Oliver North, the Export-Import Bank (Ex-Im), Will M. Lewis, Mozambique National Resistance Movement (MNR or Renamo), Robert Mugabe, Southern Africa Development Coordinating Conference (SADCC), Congressman Julian Dixon, Congressman Mickey Leland, Port Authority of Amsterdam, the European community, Archbishop Desmond Tutu,  armored vehicles, black townships.
Used by permission of TransAfrica.
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root