by Stephanie Urdang
Somerville, Massachusetts, United States
Publisher: New England Free Press
24 pages
Type: Pamphlet
Coverage in Africa: Guinea-Bissau
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
Contents: Part 1. Guinea-Bissau and the Liberation Struggle • Part 2. Two Colonialisms • FOOTNOTES • The pamphlet says in 1956 the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) was founded by Amilcar Cabral and a group of comrades; their goal was to liberate their country from the brutal oppression that was imposed upon it by Portuguese colonialism; within eighteen years their goal was achieved and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau became the newest member of the United Nations in September 1974; it was a victory greeted by progressive people throughout the world with enthusiasm and support and somewhat begrudgingly acknowledged by non-progressive forces such as the United States, who had supported Portugal militarily through NATO for the duration of the war. The pamphlet says the political mobilization of the people lasted for about two years and was a crucial factor in developing mass participation, a fundamental principle of PAIGC; about one thousand mobilizers were trained by Cabral in Conakry, the capital of neighboring Guinea, and sent into the interior, each responsible for a village or group of villages; at first they lived in the forest and made contact with one or two people whom they could trust; these would bring friends and slowly the mobilizer would build up support and be able to hold village meetings; only when PAIGC felt it had strong support from the peasants did the first armed action begin in January 1963; ten and a half years later. with two-thirds of the country liberated, PAIGC declared the Republic of Guinea-Bissau; it had established schools, hospitals, people's stores, a system of justice based on people's courts, and a system of local and regional government; elections had been held the year before throughout the liberated zones for a National Assembly. The pamphlet says Stephanie Urdang is a member of the Southern Africa Committee in New York, and one of the editors of Southern Africa published by the committee. The pamphlet discusses the Cape Verde Islands, economic and social revolution, Teodora Gomes, Carmen Pereira, Bwetna N'Dubi, tradition, social reconstruction, women in the armed struggle, and FARP (People’s Revolutionary Armed Forces).
Used by permission of Stephanie Urdang
Collection: The Freedom Archives