by Washington Office on Africa
Washington, DC, United States
November 1, 1987
12 pages
Contents: MINIMAL IMPACT OF SANCTIONS • SANCTIONS HURT BLACKS • Sanctions critics' sudden "concern" for suffering blacks • Blacks call for more sanctions • SANCTIONS HAVE CUT BACK SOCIAL PROGRAMS • Corporations benefit apartheid • SANCTIONS SET BACK FAIR LABOR STANDARDS • SANCTIONS DECREASE U.S. INFLUENCE ON SOUTH AFRICA • SANCTIONS HAVE NOT ADVANCED U.S. GOALS • Racism warps President's analysis • ECONOMIC GROWTH RATHER THAN SANCTIONS WILL SEND APARTHEID • DISCUSSION OF NAMIBIA OMITTED • SANCTIONS ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR INCREASED REGIONAL DESTABILIZATION • MORE OF DOING NOTHING IS ALL THAT IS POSSIBLE • The report includes two boxes: SUMMARY OF THE PRESIDENT’S REPORT ON SOUTH AFRICA'S PROGRESS TOWARD DISMANTLING APARTHEID and SOUTH AFRICAN CHURCHES AID UNIONS CALL FOR COMPREHENSIVE SANCTIONS by Frank Chikane, General Secretary, South African Council of Churches. The report says as required by PI. 99-440, the Anti-Apartheid Act of 1986, President Reagan sent to Congress on October 2, 1987, a report on the extent to which South Africa has made progress toward ending the system of apartheid and establishing a nonracial democracy in South Africa. The report says the law states that the measure of such progress is that South Africa must: repeal the state of emergency, respect justice under law for citizens of all races, release all political prisoners and trade union leaders, permit free participation in the political process to all groups, establish a timetable for the elimination of all apartheid laws, negotiate with representatives of all racial groups the future political system in South Africa, and end military and paramilitary activities aimed at neighboring states. The report says the current U.S. sanctions were passed over President Reagan's vigorous opposition and veto last year; although significant, these sanctions are weak, limited, and circumventable; because of the President's fundamental opposition to sanctions, he has undercut the law by the imposition of weak regulations; for example, uranium hexafluoride is exempted from the ban on uranium and licenses have been granted for the import of uranium intended for re-export; the circumvention of the ban on uranium and the administration's failure to implement other provisions of the law has been documented in a report by the General Accounting Office. The report says the Reagan Administration's insistence on the withdrawal of Cuban troops from Angola as a precondition for Namibian independence prolongs South African domination and exploitation of Namibia and the suffering of the Namibian people. The report says the war in Angola escalates daily. Although the President criticizes South African "covert operations" against neighboring states, the CIA channels covert U.S. military aid to Savimbi. The report says several sanctions measures are pending; these include loophole closing measures, such as the elimination of tax credits to U.S. companies operating in South Africa, the prohibition of bidding on U.S. oil leases by oil companies operating in South Africa, a ban on the importation of South African and Namibian diamonds, and a limitation of South African investments in the United States. The report says Representative Ronald V. Dellums has introduced H.R. 1580 which mandates a total trade embargo and disinvestment from South Africa. The report discusses the South African Council of Churches (SACC), trade, loopholes, the rescheduling of outstanding loans, the reinvestment of profits from South African operations , the acquisition of South African securities and financial instruments by U.S. nationals, the white community, the Afrikaner community, the UN Security Council, gold, coal, Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Sweden, Britain, West Germany, Italy, Japan, U.S. corporations, divestment, the Community Agency for Social Enquiry (CASE), disinvestment, the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), unemployment, mineworkers, corporate taxes, IBM, Ashland Oil, Bell and Howell, Boeing, Eastman Kodak and Elolair, leasing arrangements, technology exchanges, licensing agreements, Coca-Cola, Helen Suzman, the Progressive Federal Party (PFP), Jerry Falwell, conservative members of Congress, UN resolution 435, Namibian independence, South African security forces, Zambia, Botswana, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, the Pretoria-back UNITA, Jonas Savimbi, Daniel W. Purnell, Signatory Companies Statement of Principles (Sullivan Principles), wages, the Investor Research Responsibility Center (IRRC), Sheena Duncan, Black Sash, the 1987 whites-only elections, Sharpeville and Soweto massacre, repression, poverty, malnutrition, chronic health problems, forced removals, exploitation, repressive apartheid system, colonial rule, the FRELIMO government, Renamo rebels, Archbishop Desmond Tutu, and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
Used by permission of the Washington Office on Africa.
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root