CIRCUMVENTING THE EMBARGO -- "INVISIBLE" TRADE WITH PRETORIA

by Thomas Conrad, American Friends Service Committee, NARMIC
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Undated, presumably before September 16, 1985
Publisher: American Friends Service Committee
30 pages
Contents: THE EMBARGO -- TAKING ANOTHER LOOK • "EMBARGO BUSTING" • 1. Electronics for Military Communications: The TR178 • 2. Computer Use by South African Arms-Makers • 3. Outfitting the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research • 4. Other High-Tech Sales to the Government • 5. Transaction: Through Central Procurement Agencies • 6. Mobile Military Communications Center • 7. Licensing and Patents • PROSPECTS FOR THE EMBARGO • ENDNOTES • TABLE ONE: U.S. Corporations Ranking Among the Department of Defense Top 100 Contractors (Fiscal Year 1984) with Subsidiaries in South Africa • TABLE TWO: High-Tech Trade With Pretoria: Dollar Value of Exports from the Territorial United States to South Africa From January, 1984 Through April, 1985 • TABLE THREE: Commercial Military Exports To South Africa Licensed by the U.S. Government Under the Arms Export Control Act • TABLE FOUR: U.S. High-Tech Companies Operating Through South African Distributors • TABLE FIVE: Selected South African Companies Involved in Weapons Production and Sales • TABLE SIX: Selected Government Sales Through the State Tender Board • Appendix One: SELECTED PATENTS AWARDED BY THE SOUTH AFRICAN PATENT OFFICE • SELECTED EXCERPTS FROM THE SOUTH AFRICAN PATENT JOURNAL 1980-1983 • Appendix Two • Appendix Three • Testimony presented by Thomas Conrad at the Public Hearings on the Activities of Transnational Corporations In South Africa and Namibia held by the United Nations Commission on Transnational Corporations, September 16-20, 1985. Conrad discusses the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers), NARMIC (National Action/Research on the Military Industrial Complex), AFSC (American Friends Service Committee), the mandatory arms embargo, the South African Defence Force (SADF), white minority rule, apartheid, weapons, the Pentagon, Military Assistance Program (MAP), Foreign Military Sales program (FMS), arms sales, the arms conglomerate ARMSCOR, the U.S. State Department, Space Research Corporation, a nuclear-capable 155 mm howitzer, G5, G6, a laser rangefinder, grenade launchers, mine-resistant counter-insurgency vehicles, sonar electronics systems, combat helicopters, anti-tank missiles, electronic systems, motor vehicles, oil, computers, high-tech trade, corporate sales of technology, military applications, ammunition, the State Department Munitions List, government owned instillations, the National Physical Research Laboratory (NPRL), the National Institute for Aeronautics and Systems Technology (NIAST), clandestine transactions, a cable from then Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, the Freedom of Information Act, tactical communications, Grinaker Electronics (Grinel), a microprocessor, the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), NCR, Burroughs, Hewlett-Packard, Sperry Corporation, the Carter administration, the Reagan administration, a Univac 1100, Atlas Aircraft, Naschem, Commandant Piet Marais, Infoplan, Mohawk Data Sciences, IBM, Trivetts, a Kienzle 6016 computer, South Africa's submarine fleet, a new radio-controlled fuse for antipersonnel missiles, Barlows, Data General, Dorbyl, ICL, Sandock-Austral, security-related projects, missile design, the Caspir counterinsurgency troop carrier, Soweto, townships, National Institute for Aeronautics and Systems Technology (NIAST), the Bophuthatswana Defense Force, Siemens and MAN equipment, Amdahl, ITT Corporation, Standard Electric Lorenz (SEL), the Post Office, fiber optics, Central Mechanization Committee, the State Tender Board, the Directorate of State Auxiliary Services, Homelands (Bantustans), the PRB Group, Belgium, Sweden, General Electric (GE), Goodyear, and Bell and Howell.

Used by permission of American Friends Service Committee.
Collection: Miloanne Hecathorn papers