Massachusetts, United States
Undated, about late January or February 1975
4 pages
Type: Report
Coverage in Africa: South Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States
Language: English
Contents: Apartheid - Institutionalized Racism • Conditions on the South African Coal Mines • U.S. Support for Apartheid • The NEPCO Connection • Bibliography • The report says the New England Power Company (NEPCO) has signed a contract to import 220,000 tons of South African coal. The United States is a leading exporter of coal, and U.S. production exceeds consumption, but South African coal is cheaper than U.S. coal. The report says most African workers in South Africa are either migrants living away from their families or peasants starving on insufficient land. The report says 80% of African in the towns earn less that the minimum necessary to survive, as calculated by the University of Natal's Institute of Social Research. South Africa also gets cheap labor from outside its borders; 80% of African workers on the mines are from Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mozambique, and Malawi. Mine owners keep African wages low because African strikes are illegal, and the Government bans, jails, and kills African organizers. The U.S. is South Africa’s third largest trade partner, and the two countries have important military ties. South Africa provides overflight and landing facilities for U.S. military aircraft; the South African intelligence agency and the CIA have a secret pact; both the Department of Defense and NASA maintain tracking stations there. The report discusses slave labor conditions in South Africa, regulations against burning high-sulfur coal, the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), "white areas," Bantustans, the Dutch Reformed Church, U.S. companies, racist laws, Prime Minister J.B. Vorster, Admiral Hugo Biermann, the South African Defence Force (SADF), South African Minister of Information Connie Mulder, then-Vice President Gerald Ford, the coup in Portugal, African revolution inside South Africa, low-sulfur coal, Appalachia, unemployment in the U.S., the Southern Company, the United Mineworkers of America (UMWA), sanctions, dockworkers, and Mobile, Alabama. [Note: The individual and/or organization that wrote/produced this report is unknown. This report was most likely produced in Massachusetts, the city is unknown.]
Collection: Henry Lieberg collection