[Dear Candidate: The potential for explosiveness of African issues in international affairs]

Southern Africa: crisis for AMERICAN POLICY CANDIDATES' BRIEFING
by A. Philip Randolph, American Committee on Africa
New York, New York
October 6, 1966
Publisher: American Committee on Africa
5 pages
 Cover letter to candidates and a briefing document, “Southern Africa: crisis for American Policy (CANDIDATES' BRIEFING).” The cover letter says the potential for explosiveness of African issues in international affairs is sometimes lost sight of with the immediate urgency of the civil rights struggle at home and the Vietnam war abroad. The race issue in southern African affairs must not be allowed to become the cause of wholesale international strife. Racial injustices in South Africa, South West Africa, Rhodesia, Mozambique, and Angola must be eliminated; the big powers, and especially the United States, have a crucial role to play. Contents of Southern Africa: crisis for American Policy: TODAY’S CRISIS • Southern Africa "Captive Nations" • Apartheid • Labor • Religion • Separate amenities • Voting • Land • Passes • Political Parties • The Penalties • Banning • 180-Days • 5 years • Death • The UNITED STATES is implicated • Investment • Trade • More Significantly • In Angola/Mocambique • In Rhodesia • PRESENT POLICY • TOMORROW’S WAR • POLICY PROPOSALS • A Policy of Preparedness • The U.S. should disengage from South Africa • 1. Economic Disengagement • 2. a) Request integration of U.S. diplomatic personnel in South Africa • b) Remove tracking stations to Botswana and off-shore • 3. Increase AID to refugees from southern Africa and the dependents of political prisoners • 4. Increase AID to the economic hostages of white southern Africa: Botswana, Lesotho, Swaziland, Zambia, Malawi • South West Africa • Rhodesia • The report says the U.S. assists Portugal with arms supply and military training through NATO. Voluntary economic sanctions upon the illegal Smith regime have failed because the borders with South Africa and Mocambique [Mozambique] have been like a sieve; the United States is associated with the failure and has become Britain's chief apologist in the U.N. The mailing discusses human rights and freedom, political and social systems, political independence, Western countries, guns, Vorster's troops, Ian Smith, African trade unions, strikes by Africans, churches, segregation (of hospitals, schools, buses, trains, park benches, beaches, sport, and theatre), Africans-only townships, the pass-book, African political parties, A.N.C. (African National Congress, ANC), P.A.C. (Pan Africanist Congress, PAC), U.S. companies, building South Africa's self-sufficiency, defenses to economic sanctions, oil sanctions, rubber, cheap labor areas, the arms embargo, the rule of minorities, President Johnson, Portuguese troops, guerilla counter-insurgency, the OAU (Organization of African Unity), trade, self-determination, the sugar quota, Ex-Im Bank (Export-Import Bank) loans, the Export Control Act, Fair Employment Practices, legislation to tax imports from South Africa, an Executive Order concerning US investment in South Africa, the South African Prime Minister, the U.N. Trust Fund and Scholarship Fund, refugee educations projects in Zambia and Tanzania, UNHCR, refugees in central Africa, the right of asylum of black South Africans, the transfer of the Mandate to the UN.
Used by permission of Africa Action (successor to the American Committee on Africa).
Collection: Peter Weiss (Africa collection), Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections