A Special Report: Southern Africa

(Special Report No. 2)
by Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law
with Peggy Cox (editor), Elizabeth Landis, Charles Runyon
Washington, DC, United States
October 1982
10 pages
Contents: The Never-Ending Namibian Negotiations • Inside Namibia: Continuing Repression • Administration Policies Erode Law Governing Embargo On Exports To South Africa • Deaths In Detention And South Africa's Security laws • Thirty-Six Member Group Finds Rabie Report Disappointing And Inadequate • Tighter Restrictions Proposed On Movement Of Blacks • South Africa Accused of Aggression Against Front Line States • IMF Funds South Africa • The report discusses the history of United Nations action revoking South Africa's League of Nations mandate over Namibia (then known as South West Africa) because of its maladministration of the Territory. Since 1966, South Africa has illegally occupied the Territory in violation of international law and in defiance of the United Nations, the lawful administrator of Namibia. Since 1964, the United States has restricted military exports to  South Africa in compliance with a voluntary arms embargo established in 1963 by the United Nations (Security Council Resolution 181). In 1977, after the killing of Steve Biko, the United Nations, with U.S. support, made the arms embargo mandatory by adopting Security Council Resolution 418. The report discusses the South West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO), the Terrorism Act, the Administrative General of Namibia, stringent security measures, detention, South African defense forces, prisoners of war, the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Protocol I of the Conventions, U.S. exports, the State Department's Office of Munitions Control (OMC), the Commerce Department, sale of 2,500 shock batons to South Africa, the Reagan Administration, General Laws Amendments Act, the Internal Security Act, Tshifhiwa Isaac Muofhe, Neil Aggett, Ernest Dipale, South African Minister of Law and Order Louis LeGrange, detainee deaths, the Security Police, Louis Pollak, Joseph Mduli, Justice P.J. Rabie, the Center for Applied Legal Studies of the University of Witwatersrand, Sidney W. Kentridge, Professor John Dugard, the Sabotage Act, the Police Act, the Orderly Movement and Settlement of Black Persons Bill, UNTAG (United Nations Transitional Assistance Group), the South African Catholic Bishops' Conference (SACBC), the British Council of Churches, Reverend Farisani, the African Food and Cannery Workers Union, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Namibian political detainees and prisoners, the South African Parliament, Helen Suzman, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, subsidiaries of ARMSCOR, computer exports, the South African Ministry of Cooperation and Development, apartheid, Rep. Howard Wolpe, the House Africa Subcommittee, Sen. Paul Tsongas, Rep. Bill Gray, Nuclear collaboration, Sen. Charles Percy, Malcolm Baldrige, the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Atomic Energy Board, the U .S.-built Safari I test reactor at Pelindaba, tritium, thermonuclear weapons, the Conservative Heritage Foundation, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, U.S. companies, Edlow International, enriched uranium, the Koeburg reactor, a Control Data Cyber 170/750 computer, conventional military equipment, the Munitions List, Space Research Corporation, Jack Frost, the CIA, 155-mm artillery, non-military and dual-use items, Tom Conrad of the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC), the Rabie Commission, the Western Plan, the Contact Group, the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA), Jonas Savimbi, UNITA, the Front Line States, the African National Congress (ANC), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Office of the United Nations Commissioner for Namibia, and Cuban troops.
Used by permission of Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law.
Collection: Elizabeth S. Landis collection, National Archives of Namibia