The Essentials of a Free and Fair Election in South Africa

by Edgar Lockwood
Stony Point, New York, United States
December 3, 1993
13 pages
Type: Conference Presentation
Coverage in Africa: South Africa, Africa
Coverage outside Africa: United States, Europe
Language: English
Contents: 1. Safety of the voters • 2. The Voting Process • 4. Policing • 5. Campaigning •Copy of an address at the Stony Point Conference of December 3, 1993. The address says unlike the elections in Rhodesia and Namibia, supervision and control of the elections will be exclusively, or almost exclusively, in the hands of the existing government; the international community may play a role, but only as permitted by the major players, the government and the ANC. The address says an Electoral Commission has been set up under a new Electoral Law to administer, organize, supervise and conduct free and fair elections. The address says for the last three and a half years, political mini-wars have killed over 10,000 people, almost all of them black; most human rights observers lay a major share on Inkatha, the party of Gathsa Buthelezi. The address says it is to certify the results, and certify if the ·election was free and fair; the President may appoint 5 international members of the Board of Elections but they will have no vote; parties may appoint liaison officials to work with the Commission. The address says the Electoral Commission would appear to be responsible for the policing of the elections. The address says some interim steps can and probably will be implemented. The Internal Stability Units, which are notorious in the black community, could be withdrawn and be replaced by a competent black police units which have the trust of the communities. The address discuses the ANC (African National Congress), PAC (Pan Africanist Congress), Inaktha, homelands, Bophuthatswana, KwaZulu, the Ciskei Defence Force, Charles Sebe, the East Rand, the Democratic Party, the NP (National Party), the Goldstone Commission, the Boipatong massacre, Afrikaner right wing resistance, farmers, farm labor, SWAPO, Ian Engelbrecht, the DTA, violence, Professor Schlemmer, F.W. de Klerk, the International Commission of Jurists, APAL (Azanian People's Liberation Army), negotiations, townships, the Vaal Triangle, hostel dwellers, Natal, KwaZulu, a Third Force, Mr. Justice Goldstone, the Human Services Research Council, the new constitution, the South African Defense Force (SADF), Transkei, Venda, Zululand, KwaZulu Police (KZP), the ICJ, ballot papers, ballot boxes, counting, Cyril Ramaphosa, the Home Affairs department, Minister of Law and Order Hernus Kriel, no-go  areas,  the Independent Media Commission, SABC, the ability to read or write, John Mattison, Ameen Akhelwaya, leadership, peace committees, administration, monitoring, adjudication, polling stations, white farms, media, election monitors, UN monitors, the European Community, the OAU (Organization of African Unity), the apartheid state security apparatus, and voter identification.
Collection: George M. Houser (Africa collection), Michigan State University Libraries Special Collections