Building Freedom: MOZAMBIQUE'S FRELIMO

by Carol Bengelsdorf (editor), Elsa Roberts (editor), Africa Research Group
with Coby Everdell (cover), Mike Mike Prokosch (lettering and maps)
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
Fall 1971
Publisher: Africa Research Group
42 pages
Type: Pamphlet
Coverage in Africa: Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania
Coverage outside Africa: United States, Portugal, United Nations
Language: English
The pamphlet includes poems by Jorge Rebelo, Noemia de Souza, D.S. Maguni, Armando Guebuza, Marcelino dos Santos, Manuel Gondola, Bebe, and FRELIMO. The pamphlet includes quotes by Samora Machel and Kapingo Namumbi, Chairman of a local FRELIMO branch. The pamphlet discusses FRELIMO (Mozambique Liberation Front), MPLA (Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola), PAIGC (Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde), the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, CONCP (Conference of the Nationalist Organizations of the Portuguese Colonies), ANC (African National Congress), ZAPU (Zimbabwe African People's Union), and SWAPO (The South West African People's Organization), António de Oliveira Salazar, NESAM, Alberto-Joachim Chipande, MANU, the massacre at Mueda, Lazaro Kavandame, PIDE, Cabo Delgado, the Cabora Bassa Dam, Portuguese patrols, Niassa, Zambezia, Tete, Miguel Ambrosio, Comrade Panguene, peasants, Josina Machel, Operation Gordian Knot, Arantes e Oliveira, and General Westmoreland. The pamphlet says sources include Mozambique Revolution, the official English language journal published by FRELIMO; , a Penguin book written by Eduardo Mondlane, FRELIMO's first president; and FRELIMO Information, the official French language journal published by FRELIMO in Algiers. The pamphlet says it is designed to be read in conjunction with Race to Power: the Struggle for Southern Africa, a book which analyzes the white power structure in Southern Africa and its bases of support among the Western powers. Contents: Preface • Chapter One • Prelude to Armed Struggle • I. Background to Organization: Resistance • II. The Need for Organization • II. The Birth of Frelimo • IV. The Necessity for Armed Struggle • V. The Call to Arms • Chapter Two • The War • I. The Story of Chipande • II. The Military Chronology: 1964-1969 • III. How FRELIMO Fights • Character and Organization of the Army • The Army and the People • IV. The Role of Women in the Revolution • Chapter Three • The New Mozambique • I. Political Structure • II. Economic Organization • III. Education • IV. Health • Chapter Four • Mozambique Today • I. Eduardo Mondlane • II. Overall Strategies of the Portuguese • III. Reports from the Front – 1970 • Conclusion • A Note on Sources
Used by permission of Danny Schechter, Sam Barnes and Robert Maurer, former members of Africa Research Group.
Collection: Private collection of David Wiley and Christine Root